The South African Development Community (SADC)
In 2001, the SADC signed the Protocol on Politics, Defense and Security Cooperation, a document that does not once mention that role of women in peacebuilding or refer to the disproportionate suffering of women in conflict. However, in 2008 the SADC drafted an additional Protocol on Gender and Development, which references UNSCR 1325 and other international instruments, including CEDAW, the Beijing Platform for Action (1995), and the Maputo Protocol (2003).
Though this is a step forward, a valid criticism of the Protocol is its new unwillingness to connect women's wellbeing and participation to a national and regional stability. The Civil Society Advisory Group to the UN on Women, Peace and Security remarks, "Like many states and regional organizations, SADC treats women's rights and gender as a separate and distinct issue from peace and security. Means of addressing the intersection of both these sectors must be created, recognizing that they are intertwined."
Theme: Government Actors
Member States must harmonize national legislation, policies, strategies and programmes, with relevant regional and national instruments to ensure implementation at the national level. Instrastate and interstate cooperation is expected.
The following institutional mechanisms are responsible for the implementation of the Protocol:
Theme: Civil Society Actors
The Protocol states that the media must take the lead in giving equal voice to men and women in all areas of coverage and eschewing the depiction of gender stereotypes.
Member States must ensure gender sensitive budgets and designate the "necessary resources" toward empowerment initiatives.
Member states must submit reports to the Executive Secretary of SADC biennially to indicate the progress achieved thus far.
The Executive Secretary of SADC will forward these reports to the Council and Summit. By 2015, member states must:
CSOs have been vigilant with implementation tracking. See the attached SADC Gender Protocol Baseline Barometer 2009 for critical information on the success of the Protocol.