National Action Plan: Burkina Faso

The government of Burkina Faso launched their Nationa Action Plan in 2012. The NAP was created to establish a framework, strategies and actions for coordinated implementation of UNSCR 1325 and 1820. It aims at responding to the widespread cases of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) by pushing all armed groups to cease the practice as well as the need for protection of women and girls in conflict. The Ministry for Women’s Promotion, the Ministry of Human Rights and Civil Promotion were the lead actors on the development the NAP.  Civil society was not included in any meaningful way to the development of the NAP.

Burkina Faso has no history of armed conflict, however, numerous military coups in the 1970s and 80s have led to political instability in the state. Burkina Faso is a key contributor to UN Peacekeeping missions with almost 3,000 dedicated.  Although Burkina Faso has a 30% quota for women's participation in Parliament, in the 2012 election, they only committed to 16%.  Additionally, Burkina Faso has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world and faces high rates of female genital cutting and domestic violence. 

Document PDF: 

National Action Plan: Burkina Faso

WILPF

WILPF International does not have a country section in Burkina Faso and therefore was not involved in the development process of the NAP.

Civil Society Actors

NAP Development
Civil Society has not been explicitly mentioned as being involved in the development phase. Nevertheless, one of the objectives of the NAP is to increase cooperation between government agencies and civil society. 

NAP Implementation
Three organizations from civil society will be involved in the implementation phase, however, they have not been specified in the NAP.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation
Civil Society has not been explicitly mentioned as being involved in the monitoring phase.

Government Actors

NAP Development
The Ministry for Women’s Promotion, the Ministry of Human Rights and Civil Promotion were responsible for the development of this NAP. A discussion workshop was organized in order to challenge the initial drafts of the NAP and enhance its propositions.

NAP Implementation
The Ministry for Women’s Promotion will be responsible for the implementation of this NAP.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation
A five-member Committee has been specifically created for monitoring the NAP. It is composed of members of the Ministry for Women’s Promotion. In addition to this Committee, the monitoring and evaluation will be run by: the National Assembly; the Prime Minister’s Cabinet; the Ministry of Defence and Veterans; the Ministry of Human Rights, the Ministry of Justice; the Ministry of Territorial Administration, Decentralization and Security; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation; the Ministry of Social Action and Solidarity as well as the Ministry of the Civil Service, Labor and Social Security.

Objectives

The NAP is structured by four goals and six objectives.  The following goals are:

  1. Protecting and rehabilitating women and girls who have been victims from violence
  2. Integrating a gender dimension in Security and Defence governance
  3. Preventing violence against women and girls
  4. Raising awareness on violence against women and girls

The NAP has six objectives which are:

  1. Ensure and promote the systematic integration of the gender dimension in the process for human rights protection, justice and security reform.
  2. Protect women and girls against sexual and gender-based violence
  3. Prevent violence against women and girls through women’s rights promotion, accountability and law enforcement
  4. Achieve women’s participation at all decision-making levels
  5. Ensure parties involved in armed conflicts put an end to all forms of sexual violence against civilians and especially against women and girls
  6. Ensure parties involved in armed conflict immediately take action to protect civilians, and especially women and girls, against all forms of sexual violence

 

Action/Activities

Each objective relies on activities. For example, the first objective of the first goal is “Enhance care processes for women and girls who have been victims of violence”.  The activities for this objective include: 

  1. Creating structures in the 13 counties to support and take care of victims
  2. Strengthening the capacity of listening centers put in place by the OSC
  3. Informing populations and raising their awareness on the existence of support structures and shelters for women and girls who have been victims of violence
  4. Strengthening the capacity of health workers, security staff members and justice officials to enhance care processes for women and girls who have been victims of violence
  5. Strengthen the OSC’s ability to create shelter for women and girls who have been victims of violence
Timeframe

The Burkina Faso NAP covers the period 2013 inclusive of 2016. The time frame is split into three timeslots: 2013-2014;2014-2015;2015-2016. For each goal, a table displays the timeframe for the implementation of each activity underlying the goal.

 

 

Budget

The total budget for implementing this NAP is approximately $3.6mln (mentioned in CFA francs in the report), split as following: $1.3mln in 2014, $1.2mln in 2015 and $1.1mln in 2016.

For each goal, a table displays the budget allocated to the implementation of each activity underlying the goal per year.

 

Indicators

A table summarizes which indicators will be used to track the progress on implementing a specific objective (i.e. not on the activity level, which means that the monitoring process will evaluate results on an objective level).

For instance, the following indicators have been defined for the first objective:

  1. Enhancing care processes for women and girls who have been victims of violence
  2. Number of teams created for gathering complaints, supporting and taking care of women and girls who have been victims of sexual-based violence
  3. Number of women and girls who have been victims of sexual-based violence that are now being taken care of
  4. Satisfaction level of the women and girls who are being taken care of

To be noted, some indicators are not quantifiable or qualitative. For instance, with laws protecting women and girls, monitors will only check for the existence of such laws and there are no explicit criteria for assessing it.

Monitoring & Evaluation

A table summarizes who is responsible for the implementation of each objective and the results expected for each objective. The bodies who will be in charge of the implementation are: the Ministry of Women’s Promotion, Ministry of National Defence and Veterans; Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Cooperation; Ministry of National Education and Literacy; Ministry of Secondary and Higher Education; Ministry of Scientific Research and Information and Ministry of Human Rights and Civic Promotion.

The sources for monitoring are also detailed.

 

Disarmament

The NAP does not address disarmament, however, it clearly states the following rules to better protect civilians and in particular women and girls:

  • parties involved in conflicts should put an end to sexual-based violence against civilians, and in particular against women and girls
  • parties involved in armed conflicts should take measures to protect civilians, and in particular women and girls against all forms of sexual-based violence