National Action Plan: Cameroon

Overview

The Government of Cameroon launched its first National Action Plan (NAP) in November 2017 for a period of three years (2018-2020). The NAP was developed by the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and the Family, with technical and financial support from UN Women and determining contributions of the concerted public administrations, civil society organisations, community leaders. The main data for identifying NAP priorities was compiled by WILPF Cameroon.  This NAP incorporates the main principles of Security Council Resolution 1325, 1820, 1888, 1889, 1960, 2106, 2122 and 2242. The framework of implementation of the NAP comprises of three organs: the piloting and orientation committee; the national technical coordination of 1325; the regional, divisional and sub-divisional units. Each administration responsible for activities involving its mandate, and international organisations, private administrations and civil society organisations involved may, apart from their own funding, negotiate funding and technical support from financial and technical partners.

For a long time, Cameroon was considered as a model of peace in Africa. However, nowadays, it is confronted with enormous security challenges provoked by political instability in neighbouring countries on the one hand, the unjustified attacks of Boko Haram and miscellaneous social claims on the other hand. The consequences of this situation include the increase of violence, the death of numerous innocent Cameroonians among whom many women and children, forced and massive movements of populations, the destruction of whole villages, the slowing down of activities, the proliferation of armed weapons and small calibres which are likely to maintain the population in insecurity and permanent fear.

By adopting the NAP, the Government of Cameroon reaffirms its commitment to improve the participation of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and to take the necessary measures for the protection of women and girls before, during and after conflicts. However, the NAP, while referencing the impact of arms proliferation on women, does not offer any specific actions for disarmament and arms control, including monitoring mechanisms for assessing the impact of arms proliferation on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). Also, the NAP offers no specific framework for monitoring of the NAP implementation.

 

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National Action Plan of Cameroon (2018-2020)

WILPF

The main data for the NAP development process was compiled by WILPF Cameroon in the format of a study which enabled the evaluation of the level of knowledge of the concerned Resolutions and the identification of specific needs and problems of women living in conflict zones, mainly the northern regions and the East.

Civil Society Actors
  • NAP Development

The drafting process was launched on 15 November 2016, with participation of the members of civil society and officials of international organisations. The main data for the NAP development process was compiled by WILPF Cameroon in the format of a study which enabled the evaluation of the level of knowledge of the concerned Resolutions and the identification of specific needs and problems of women living in conflict zones.

  • NAP Implementation

Civil society is part of the Interministerial Committee charged, which means once a year. Results, Indicators and Resources Framework also mentions civil society as a partner in implementing specific objectives, including organising 100 capacity building sessions on the culture of peace (1.1.ii) and organising radio and television debates on SGBV and their impact on the development of the country (2.1.ii).

  • NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Civil society does not have an important role in the monitoring and evaluation process.

Government Actors
  • NAP Development

The drafting process was initiated by the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and the Family, with the participation of the members of the government and parliamentarians, representatives of decentralised territorial communities, top ranking universities, socio-professionals, civil society, diplomatic personalities and officials of international organisations.  

  • NAP Implementation

The framework of implementation of the NAP comprises of three organs: the piloting and orientation committee; the national technical coordination of 1325; the regional, divisional and sub-divisional units.

The piloting and orientation committee is placed under the authority of the Secretary-General of the Presidency of the Republic and assisted by the Secretary-General of the Prime Minister’s office. The Interministerial Committee is made up of 20 members, including Secretaries General of the concerned administrations, Presidency of the Republic, Prime Minister’s Office, Senate, National Assembly, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of External Relations, Ministry of Territorial Administration, Ministry of Defence, Gendarmerie, Police, Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and the Family, Ministry of France, Ministry of Social Affairs, National Committee on Human Rights, Civil Society, the United Nations, the private sector, multilateral cooperation actors.

The National Technical Coordination is presided over by the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and the Family.

Regional, divisional and sub-divisional units are placed under the authority of regional governors,  senior divisional officers and divisional officers, respectively.

  • NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The National Technical Coordination of 1325 is responsible for the monitoring of the implementation of the NAP and the preparation of quarterly, biannual and yearly reports.

Objectives

By 2020, the commitments of Cameroon towards Women, Peace and Security are to be realised through the following objective:

  • Objective 1: The leadership and participation of women in the process of prevention and management of conflict and post-conflict situations, to construct peace and social cohesion;

  • Objective 2: The scrupulous observance of international humanitarian law and legal instruments for the protection of the rights of women and girls against sexual violence and gender-based violence during periods of armed conflict;

  • Objective 3: A better integration of the gender dimension in emergency aid, during reconstruction in the course of, ad after, armed conflicts as well as in the management of the past;

  • Objective 4: The strengthening of institutional mechanisms and the collection of quantitative and qualitative data on the consideration of gender in the domains of peace, security, prevention and resolution of conflicts.

Action/Activities

Each objective has different outputs assigned. For example, Objective 1 “the leadership and participation of women in the process of prevention and management of conflict and post-conflict situations, to construct peace and social cohesion” includes the following outputs:

  • Output 1.1.: A conducive environment for the stabilisation of social peace while minimising risks of occurrence of conflict and violence is created;

  • Output 1.2.: The representation of women in high decision-making positions in civilian and military life is improved;

  • Output 1.3.: The participation of women in construction, peacekeeping and consolidation operations (civilian and military aspects), including in international and regional bodies, is strengthened.

Timeframe

The implementation period for the National Plan of Action of Cameroon is three years (2018-2020).

Budget

The total cost of the NAP implementation is estimated to be CFA3,679,600. The implementation of the NAP is free and calls on all structures interested in Women, Peace and Security. Each administration is responsible for activities involving its mandate. International organisations, private administrations and civil society organisations involved may, apart from their own funding, negotiate funding and technical support from financial and technical partners.

Indicators

To achieve each output, the NAP has different activities assigned. For example, Output 1.3. (The participation of women in construction, peacekeeping and consolidation operations (civilian and military aspects), including in international and regional bodies, is strengthened) includes the following activities:

  • Set up alert units within 300 female associations;

  • Train 500 women as mediators and negotiators;

  • Carry out an inquiry on female competencies in the domain of peace and security at all levels (local, regional, national);

  • Organise three award ceremonies for women having stood out in peace, security or conflict resolution missions;

  • Organise 10 advocacy sessions for the concerned administrations on the involvement of women in the prevention of conflicts;

  • Set up three online platforms for social media like Facebook and Twitter, to sensitise the public opinion on violence incidents reported, set up dialogue with women at national level and propagate knowledge related to it;

  • etc.

Indicators

To achieve each output, the NAP has different activities assigned. For example, Output 1.3. (The participation of women in construction, peacekeeping and consolidation operations (civilian and military aspects), including in international and regional bodies, is strengthened) includes the following activities:

  • Set up alert units within 300 female associations;

  • Train 500 women as mediators and negotiators;

  • Carry out an inquiry on female competencies in the domain of peace and security at all levels (local, regional, national);

  • Organise three award ceremonies for women having stood out in peace, security or conflict resolution missions;

  • Organise 10 advocacy sessions for the concerned administrations on the involvement of women in the prevention of conflicts;

  • Set up three online platforms for social media like Facebook and Twitter, to sensitise the public opinion on violence incidents reported, set up dialogue with women at national level and propagate knowledge related to it;

  • etc.

Monitoring & Evaluation

The National Technical Coordination of 1325 is responsible for the monitoring of the implementation of the NAP and the preparation of quarterly, biannual and yearly reports. However, there is no specific monitoring and evaluation framework offered in the NAP.

Disarmament

The NAP, while referencing the impact of arms proliferation on women, does not offer any specific actions for disarmament and arms control, including monitoring mechanisms for assessing the impact of arms proliferation on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV).