National Action Plan: Central African Republic

The Government of the Central African Republic launched its National Action Plan in 2014. The NAP was created to establish a framework, strategies and actions for coordinated implementation of UNSCR 1325.  The development of the NAP was led by the Ministry of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion which led the creation of the Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction in which civil society was engaged.

The Central African Republic has a long history of instability, violence and armed conflict. Since the most recent outbreak of violence in 2013, around six thousand people have been killed and a quarter of the population has been displaced, with more than four hundred thousand refugees and three hundred thousand internally displaced persons. In 2014, the UN mandated a peacekeeping force to quell the violence, however, sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers added fuel to the fire.

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National Action Plan: Central African Rep.

WILPF

WILPF International does not have a country section in Central African Republic (CAR) and therefore was not involved in the development process of CAR’s NAP.

 

Civil Society Actors

NAP Development
The NAP mentions that civil society was involved in every stage of drafting the National Action Plan. They contributed to the preliminary analysis of the topics and challenges to be addressed in the NAP. They were consulted to review the initial draft suggested by experts via workshops organised all over the country.

NAP Implementation
The NAP mentions that civil society will be part of the implementation phase as a collaborating group of the Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction. It is not quoted as taking part in the implementation process on an independent basis.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation
The NAP mentions that civil society will be part of the monitoring phase as a collaborating group of the Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction. It is not quoted as taking part in the monitoring process on an independent basis.

Government Actors

NAP Development
The Ministry of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion are in charge of the development of the NAP.

To be noted, BINUCA, which is the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in the Central African Republic, was also involved in drafting the NAP.

NAP Implementation
The Ministries of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion are in charge of implementing the strategies and programs for protection and promotion of women’s rights.

The Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction, created to ensure a smooth coordination between programs and projects related to gender equality, will also be responsible for the implementation of the NAP. In order to prevent the ever-increasing number of institutions related to gender issues, its capacities will be strengthened. It will therefore be comprised of representatives from the Ministries of Defence, Public Security, Justice, Health, Communications, Finance and Social Affairs, technical and financial partners as well as civil society organizations and private sector organizations.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation
Several bodies will be charge of monitoring the implementation of the NAP. The Ministers of Social Affairs, National Solidarity and Gender Promotion are in charge of monitoring the implementation of the plan. The Monitoring Committee of the CEDAW will also be part of the  monitoring process for the implementation of the Convention on a national level. It will deliver a report, together with all national actors, accordingly. The Sector Committee for Gender Equality and Poverty Reduction will also be involved in the monitoring phase.

Objectives

The National Action Plan is composed of 5 “Strategic Priority Axis”:

  1. Enhancing national actors’ and people’s awareness of UNSCR 1325 and other international instruments that protect women’s rights with the intention of mobilizing societies to stand up for protecting civilian populations during conflicts and for involving women in peace processes
  2. Strengthening violence and conflict prevention as well as civilian populations’ protection
  3. Strengthening women’s participation and representation in all levels of decision-making processes related to conflict prevention response and resolution
  4. Strengthening civilian populations’ protection against violence and better reintegrating victims from sexual-based violence during conflicts in the society.
  5. Strengthening coordination and monitoring processes
Action/Activities

Each Strategic Priority Axis implies specific objectives as well as clear actions to achieve this result. For instance, the first strategic priority axis,  “Enhancing national actors’ and people’s awareness of UNSCR 1325 and other international instruments that protect women’s rights with the intention of mobilizing societies to stand up for protecting civilian populations during conflicts and for involving women in peace processes” relies on the following set of activities:

  1. Train decision makers on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights
  2. Train employees of UN agencies and financial and technical partners on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights
  3. Organize trainings on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights for soldiers and policemen at all levels
  4. Organize trainings on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights for actors in the legal and judicial sector (judges, lawyers, officers of the judicial police, members of the prison administration) at all levels.
  5. Organize trainings on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights for NGOs’ management at all levels
  6. Brief population and local actors on women’s role in peace processes, development and national reconciliation
  7. Translate UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights in the national language
  8. Organize media campaigns on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights on centralized and decentralized levels
Timeframe

The Central African Republic NAP covers the period 2014 inclusive of 2016. For each axis, a table displays the timeframe for the implementation of each activity. 

Budget

The total budget for implementing this NAP is $8.2 mln, split as following: $4.0 mln in 2014, $2.4 mln in 2015 and $1.7 mln in 2016.

 

Indicators

For each axis and underlying activities, indicators have been clearly defined.

For instance, for the eight activities underlying the first axis “Enhancing national actors’ and people’s awareness of UNSCR 1325 and other international instruments that protect women’s rights with the intention of mobilizing societies to stand up for protecting civilian populations during conflicts and for involving women in peace processes”, the following indicators are mentioned:

  1. Number of decision makers trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights
  2. Number of employees of UN agencies and financial and technical partners trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights
  3. Number of employees trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights in each body
  4. Number of people trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights in the judicial and legal sector
  5. Number of people trained on UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights amongst NGOs’ management
  6. Percentage of the population favourable to women’s involvement in peace and reconstruction processes
  7. Number of legal text translation copies in the national language distributed to the population
  8. Number of people who understand the legal content of UNSCR 1325 and other legal instruments related to women’s rights on centralized and decentralized levels
Monitoring & Evaluation

The NAP dedicates a full axis to monitoring and implementation processes. It relies on a set of activities and for each activity an expected result as well as responsible bodies for achieving the result are clearly defined.

Disarmament

The Central African Republic NAP discusses plans of action for disarming, demobilizing and reintegrating female ex-soldiers in society but it is not explicit in recommendations.