National Action Plan: Jordan

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has created its first NAP for the period of four years (2018-2021). The entities responsible for the creation of the NAP are the Jordanian National Commission for Women and the National Coalition on UNSCR 1325, which has over 60 representatives from government ministries, civil society organisations, security sector and international partners. The focus of the NAP is to ensure national and regional stability through gender equality and women’s participation, particularly in national peace and security efforts. These goals are guided by the four pillars of women, peace and security-- participation, protection, prevention, relief and recovery. The NAP also reflects the key problems in the country. It highlights a gender-sensitive approach to humanitarian response, recognising different experiences that women endure  in humanitarian crises. There is also a focus on women’s agency in the prevention of violent extremism and radicalisation. 

Jordan currently is not in conflict but is providing large humanitarian support as a host country to refugees fleeing conflicts in other parts of the region, including in Syria, Yemen and Palestine.  In recent years, Jordan has experienced challenges around Israel’s attempt to seize  over 300 acres of land in the Jordan Valley. Jordan is also one of the top police contributing countries to peacekeeping missions. 

By adopting its first NAP, the Jordanian Government demonstrates its commitment to addressing key issues for women in terms of the intersect between gender and the security sector and its willingness to work on civil society on implementing the WPS Agenda. The Jordanian NAP will be monitored and evaluated by all entities that contributed to its creation. In terms of budgeting, there is an inclusion of a national budget allocated for the the goals of the NAP to be completed. However, there is no mention of disarmament in the NAP, which challenges further opportunities to deliver on prevention and participation objectives of the NAP.

WILPF

WILPF International does not have a country section in Jordan and therefore was not involved in the development process of  Jordan’s NAP.

Civil Society Actors

NAP Development

There are several mentions of civil society organisations forming part of the creation of the NAP; however, no specific civil society organisation is included.

 

NAP Implementation


Civil society organisations are included in the implementation of the NAP. For example, for objective 2 on “meaningful participation of women in preventing radicalisation and violent extremism and in national and regional peace building”, has civil society organisations (CSOs) along with international non-governmental organisations listed as potential actors involved in implementation. 

 

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The same bodies included in the process of development are included in the monitoring and evaluation of the NAP, including civil society. 

Government Actors

NAP Development

The NAP notes the role of the various Ministries in the creation of the NAP including the Ministry. Notably, the Jordanian National Commission for Women  contributed to the creation of the NAP as a semi-governmental body.

NAP Implementation

The framework for implementation of the NAP comprises of several parts because of the different pillars.   Different bodies are in charge of the implementation of different objectives.

 

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Government entities will form part of the monitoring and evaluation team through providing reports periodically and ultimately when the NAP ends. For instance, for the pillar pertaining to including women in  the security sector, the Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Interior  will be responsible for creating an gendered audit on the Jordanian security sector to assess the work environment for women in the security sector.

Objectives

By 2021, the commitments of Jordan to Women, Peace and Security will be based on the following objectives:

 

  • Gender responsive security sector reform;
  • Preventing violent extremism and gender responsive peacebuilding;
  • Gender-sensitive humanitarian services;
  • Creating a culture of peace and gender equality.
Action/Activities

Each pillar has different actions assigned. For example, Pillar 1 “gender responsiveness and and meaningful participation of women in the security sector and peace operations” includes the following actions:

 

  • Conduct a gender audit across the security sector;
  • Conduct targeted skills training for women in the security sector;
  • Participation of military women in educational lectures held by CSO representatives;Increase access to foreign language programmes;
  • Conduct targeted training to build women’s leadership and governance skills in the Ministry of Interior;
  • Promote cross-country collaboration, exchanges of good practices and increase capabilities in  line with international standards  through advanced international field trainings, and technical workshops;
  • Conduct training for all military personnel of all ranks on UNSCR 1325, subsequent resolutions and gender awareness;
  • Assess and revise current security sector training curriculums and infrastructure to be gender responsive;
  • Conduct a nationwide advocacy campaign targeting all governorates to raise awareness of the benefits and importance of women’s participation in peace and security etc.
Timeframe

The NAP implementation period is four years (2018-2021).

Budget

The Jordanian Government has set aside a budget of $7,820,000 for the implementation of the NAP. Each goal has a certain portion of the total budget allocated towards reaching its specific goal. 

Indicators

To achieve each objective, the NAP has different indicators assigned. For example, Objective 1 on “gender responsiveness and meaningful participation of women in the security sector and peace operations” includes the following indicators or outcomes:

1.1  An environment within security sector that is responsive to the security needs and priorities of women, and conducive and favourable for women’s entry, advancement and leadership.

  • 1.1.1 Obstacles for women to enter, advance and lead in the security sector, and recommendations for how to address these obstacles, are identified.
  • 1.1.2 Steps are taken towards improving the working environment in the security sector to better accommodate the needs of women.
  • 1.1.3 Women and men have increased awareness of the importance of women’s participation in the security sector, and women are encouraged to engage in the security sector.
  • 1.1.4 Senior leaders demonstrate support for women’s advancement and candidacy for leadership positions.
  • 1.1.5 Staff within the security sector, especially at the decision-making level, are gender aware, and capable of identifying and responding to harassment and GBV and discrimination within the security sector.
  • 1.1.6 Women are qualified and skilled to advance and reach decision making positions within the security sector.
  • 1.1.7 Institutional capacities within security sector to integrate gender perspectives and to respond to women’s security needs are strengthened across all security sector institutions.
Monitoring & Evaluation

In order to measure progress against the key pillars, all implementing parties will contribute to the monitoring and evaluation of the National Action Plan, as set by the respective the 3 monitoring and evaluation framework that has been prepared in a participatory approach with the members of the National Coalition.

Disarmament

The Jordanian NAP fails to address disarmament issue or connect the proliferation of weapons with women’s insecurity.