National Action Plan: Mali

The Government of Mali launched their National Action Plan in 2012. Development of the NAP was led by The Ministry of Promotion of Women, Children and Family. Civil society was partially involved in development but has limited input in the implementation and monitoring.

Mali has a recent history of conflict including a military coup d'etat in March 2012 which led to an armed conflict plagued by high rates of sexual violence against women. Islamic militants took control of the northern part of Mali and have instituted strict Islamic rule. In 2012, at least 50 girls and women were reportedly subjected to sexual abuse including rape, gang rape, sexual slavery and forced marriage by armed militants. Malian authorities have made little progress to hold accountable those implicated in serious abuses committed during the 2012-2013 armed conflict.

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Mali National Action Plan

WILPF

WILPF International does not have a country section in Mali and therefore was not involved in the development process of the NAP.

Civil Society Actors

NAP Development

Civil Society was involved in the development of the NAP through a workshop kicking off the NAP drafting process. This was the occasion for civil society to elaborate on Mali’s achievements on UNSCR1325 issues and challenges ahead.

NAP Implementation

Civil society is not mentioned as being part of the implementation process.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Some of the NAP activities will be co-monitored by representatives from NGOs dedicating their work to women, however, they have not been specified in the NAP.

Government Actors

NAP Development

The Ministry of Promotion of Women, Children and Family drafted a first proposal for the NAP.

NAP Implementation

The NAP defines some governments bodies which are responsible for a given set of activities underlying the NAP, but does not clearly make a distinction between implementing and monitoring roles.

The following bodies will be responsible for NAP activities; the Ministry for Women’s Promotion, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Security, Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Health.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

NAP activities will be monitored by agents from the Ministry for Women’s Promotion, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Security, Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Health.

Objectives

The NAP is composed of five priority goals that are split into different objectives, which rely on a set of activities.

The five priority goals are the following:

  1. Ensuring conflict and gender-based violence (GBV) prevention
  2. Ensuring victims’ protection and rehabilitation
  3. Enhancing women’s participation and representation
  4. Promoting Gender and Women
  5. Coordinating, monitoring and evaluating activities properly  described in the NAP

For instance, the first priority axis- Ensuring conflict and gender-based violence (GBV) prevention- is broken down into the following objectives:

  • Strengthening and developing policies for violence and conflict prevention as well as mechanisms and processes fostering women’s rights and security
  • Creating a legal framework promoting women’s rights

 

Action/Activities

The objectives underlying each priority axis rely on a set of activities.

For instance, the activities in the first axis "Ensuring conflict and gender-based violence (GBV) prevention" under the first objective, "Strengthening and developing policies for violence and conflict prevention as well as mechanisms and processes fostering women’s rights and security" are:

  1. Analyzing how existing laws and policies relative to women, peace and security include a gender dimension
  2. Organizing trainings on UNSCR1325 for all soldiers and agents of the Ministry of Police and Security
  3. Training female leaders on conflict management and peace negotiation techniques
  4. Monitoring the implementation process of regional and international instruments related to women’s right to peace and security
Timeframe

The NAP is designed to be implemented on a 3-year basis. A table summarizes how each activity implementation is expected to progress on a quarterly basis for each year.

Budget

A table summarizes the budget allocated each year to each activity in the NAP. The total budget for implementing the NAP is $2.2m (Mali CFA 1,276,000,000).

Indicators

A table summarizes the expected results for each activity and indicators are set for each result.

For instance, for the first activity of the first objective of the first priority axis, the expected result is “Performing a gender analysis of policies and laws relative to peace and security” and the indicator is the number of laws and policies analyzed or initiated.

The NAP mostly uses indicators such as the existence of dedicated structures or the number of initiatives carried out. 

 

Monitoring & Evaluation

The monitoring process will be composed of internal evaluations on a yearly basis and of an external evaluation performed every three years. The annual activity report will be based on the evaluation outcomes and will be presented to the UN groups dedicated to the African Union as well as during consultative side events held on the occasion of the UNSCR1325 anniversary - happening every 31st October- as well as during the African Union summit.

 

Disarmament

The NAP does not address disarmament or connect the proliferation of weapons with women’s insecurity.  Nevertheless, in the introduction it gives a hint as to the link between the numerous conflicts in the region and the increasing insecurity..