The Government of Mali launched their National Action Plan in 2012. Development of the NAP was led by The Ministry of Promotion of Women, Children and Family. Civil society was partially involved in development but has limited input in the implementation and monitoring.
Mali has a recent history of conflict including a military coup d'etat in March 2012 which led to an armed conflict plagued by high rates of sexual violence against women. Islamic militants took control of the northern part of Mali and have instituted strict Islamic rule. In 2012, at least 50 girls and women were reportedly subjected to sexual abuse including rape, gang rape, sexual slavery and forced marriage by armed militants. Malian authorities have made little progress to hold accountable those implicated in serious abuses committed during the 2012-2013 armed conflict.