National Action Plan: Montenegro

On February 2017 Montenegro launched its first UNSCR1325 National Action Plan (NAP) for the period 2017-2018. The NAP came about through a national effort led by various government entities such as the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. There is however no mention of the role of civil society in the process of drafting the NAP. This NAP is important because it constitutes the first attempt of the government of Montenegro to implement the UNSCR 1325 and its related resolutions. It addresses the problem of human trafficking, establishes effective protection of women and girls from discrimination and gender-based violence, as well as increases the representation of women in the decision-making processes in the area of security and peace-building.

 Montenegro has no recent history of conflict; it peacefully separated from Serbia after the Referendum held on May, 2006. However, the country was involved in the conflict in Bosnia (1991-1995). Montenegro is also a member of NATO and participates in UN peacekeeping missions in Afghanistan, Liberia, Cyprus and Somalia. In the midst of this, women in Montenegro do not have the same opportunities of political participation and equal pay as men. Domestic violence is another widespread problem in Montenegro.

 The NAP of Montenegro is mostly oriented towards ensuring women’s participation in the security sector on the local (police force), national (armed forces) and international (peacekeeping) levels. It also addresses the issue of human trafficking in Montenegro and provides mechanisms to address it regionally and internationally, while stressing the importance of coordination and partnership. The NAP specifies under every objective and activity a responsible entity for achieving the task and provides indicators to measure its implementation. While relevant ministries and donors are responsible for funding the NAP, there is no specific budget attached to the NAP. The NAP does not however address demilitarisation.  

Document PDF: 

Press release from Montenegrin Cabinet session

WILPF

WILPF does not have a section in Montenegro.
 

Civil Society Actors

NAP Development

 

There is no mention of civil society involvement in the development of the NAP.

           

NAP Implementation

 

Non-governmental organisations (NGOs), the academic community and international organisations were listed as holders of responsibility and associates on some of the activities in the NAP. For example, under objective 3 (Integrate gender perspective in the education programs for implementation of UNSCR 1325 and its accompanying resolutions), the academic community and NGOs are listed as holders of responsibility for activity 3.1, “Organise education on peace and non-violence in schools, as well as on UNSCR 1325 and its accompanying resolutions”.

 

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The NAP does not specifically address the role of civil society in assessing the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Agenda on the ground.

 

Government Actors

NAP Development

 

The NAP was a result of a joint effort by Ministry of Defence, Armed Forces of Montenegro, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Police Directorate, National Security Agency,  Customs Administration, Institute for Execution of Criminal Sanctions, Committee for Gender Equality of the Parliament of Montenegro, Ministry of Minority Rights in cooperation with the institutions envisaged for implementation of the Action Plan, Ombudsman, and Human Resources Administration.

 

NAP Implementation

For the purpose of monitoring and implementation, the NAP requires the creation of an  Inter-Agency Working Group and the establishment of an Ad-Hoc Parliamentary Group.

 

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation                       

Under every objective and activity, the NAP specifies a responsible entity for achieving the task and it provides indicators to measure its implementation.

 

Objectives

The primary objectives of Montenegro's NAP include:

 

  • Provide institutional mechanisms for implementing the NAP for applying the UNSCR 1325

  • Enhance the gender perspective through participation in the international activities for implementation of the UNSCR 1325 and its accompanying resolutions

  • Integrate gender perspective in the education programs for implementation of UNSCR 1325 and its accompanying resolutions

  • Introduce gender balanced representation in the activities of security system  

  • Increase the representation of the women in the decision making processes in the area of security and peace building  

  • Establish effective protection of women and girls from discrimination and gender – based violence

  • Realise activities to raise the awareness level of the wider public about the human beings trafficking problem  

  • Improve the cooperation about the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and its accompanying resolutions

  • Monitoring the implementation of NAP concerning the applying of UNSCR 1325

 

Action/Activities

Each area of work has different actions assigned. For example, Strategic Objective 1  (Provide institutional mechanisms for implementing the NAP for applying the UNSCR 132) includes the following actions:

 

  • Make decisions about the education of the Inter Agency Working Group for monitoring the implementation of the Action Plan

  • Establish the evidence according to pole and gender-sorted statistics in the security sector  (in the Ministry of Defence, Armed Forces of Montenegro, Ministry of Interior, Police Directorate, National Security Agency, Customs Administration, Institute for Execution of Criminal Sanctions)

  • Continuously conduct the evidence on female members representation in the security system, their education, training and guidance in the career, including the participation in the multinational operations, participation in civilian missions and in the international activities

  • Establish the Ad-Hoc Parliamentary Group in the Parliament of Montenegro that will assist in promoting the UNSCR 1325 and implementation of the NAP

  • Pass of the NAP at the institutions level

  • Conduct training for the managers and employees in all institutions envisaged for implementation of the NAP in order to ensure the conditions and create favourable institutional environment and infrastructural support of determined activities

Timeframe

The implementation period for the NAP is 2017-2018.
 

Indicators

Each strategic objective has a number of listed indicators. For example, the Strategic Objective 2, “Enhance the gender perspective through participation in the international activities for implementation of the UNSCR 1325 and its accompanying resolutions”, includes several indicators:

 

  1. Data about the international activities shown through gender statistics

  2. Number of activities that have gender perspective  

  3. Number of the meeting at international level  

  4. Number of women involved in the networking process  

  5. Number of common initiated Initiatives

  6. Number of exchanged publications

  7. Number of media reports  

  8. Number of created modules for training

  9. Number of the conducted training  

 

Budget

There is no specific budget attached to the NAP. However, for each action, the NAP identifies financial resources.
 

Monitoring & Evaluation

The first two objectives in the NAP address implementation on the national and international levels. Ministry of Defence, Armed Forces of Montenegro, Ministry of Interior, Police Directorate, National Security Agency, Customs Administration, Institute for Execution of Criminal Sanctions are responsible for implementing Objective 1, “provide institutional mechanisms for implementing the Action Plan for applying the UNSCR 1325”. Ministry for Human and Minority Rights, NGOs, International Organizations, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign affairs are listed as responsible for Objective 2, “enhance the gender perspective through participation in the international activities for implementation of the UNSCR 1325 and its accompanying resolution”.
 

Disarmament

The NAP does not address disarmament issues or connect the proliferation of weapons with women’s insecurity. Instead, Montenegro’s NAP develops actions to the inclusion of more women in the police and armed forces and peacekeeping operations, rather than addressing the key obstacles to women’s participation and rights related to arms trade.