National Action Plan: S. Sudan

South Sudan launched its first National Action Plan (NAP) in 2015 for the period of five years, 2015-2020. This NAP has been developed through a rigorous participatory process involving broad consultation of various peace and security stakeholders and supported by UN WOMEN. The process, led by the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare (MGCSW), with the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) as the co-chair, has collected and harmonised views from government institutions, development partners, United Nations agencies, civil society organisations, women’s groups and religious and traditional leaders. The National Steering Committee, comprised of government ministries, commissions, United Nations agencies and civil society organisations, coordinates and monitors the South Sudan National Action Plan implementation, and is intended to ensure that the National Action Plan is aligned with the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan, 2011, the South Sudan Development Plan, 2011-2013, and all other existing laws and policies. The overall goal of the NAP is to strengthen the participation of women in peace and security efforts and facilitate the creation of an enabling environment for their leadership and political participation in conflict resolution and allow for more inclusive, just and sustainable peace, recovery and reconstruction processes, where a gender perspective is integrated into the design and implementation of all policies related to peace and security.

Newly formed after splitting from Sudan in 2011, South Sudan has ongoing conflict with Sudan over oil and territory. The deteriorating security situation mostly affects women and children. Women and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking; South Sudanese women and girls, particularly those who are internally displaced, orphaned, refugees or from rural areas, are vulnerable to forced labor and sexual exploitation, often in urban centres; women and girls migrate willingly from Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to South Sudan with the promise of legitimate jobs and are forced into the sex trade; inter-ethnic abductions and abductions by criminal groups continue, with abductees subsequently forced into domestic servitude, herding or sex trafficking.                                                       

 

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National Action Plan: South Sudan

WILPF

WILPF International does not have a country section in South Sudan and therefore was not involved in the development process of South Sudanese NAP.

Civil Society Actors

NAP Process

Civil society organisations and women’s groups and religious participated in the participatory process of developing the NAP in South Sudan, including through consultation with the various peace and security stakeholders and supported by UN WOMEN. The process, led by the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare (MGCSW), with the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). Civil society organisations were also included in the National Steering Committee that led the development of the NAP. At the same time, no specific civil society organisations were mentioned in the NAP.                                      

NAP Implementation

The National Steering Committee, that includes civil society organisations,  coordinate and monitors the South Sudanese NAP implementation. Civil society organisations also listed as the key actors for implementations of strategic objectives of the NAP under each category.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Civil society does not have a specific role in monitoring and evaluation of the NAP implementation.

 

Government Actors

NAP Development

The NAP has been developed through a rigorous participatory process involving broad consultation of various peace and security stakeholders and supported by UN WOMEN. The process, led by the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare (MGCSW), with the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) as the co-chair, has collected and harmonised views from government institutions, development partners, United Nations agencies, civil society organisations, women’s groups and religious and traditional leaders.

NAP Implementation

To facilitate the identification of priority areas of immediate action for improving the lives of women and children in South Sudan and ensuring increased investment for strengthened implementation of UNSCR 1325, a National Steering Committee comprised of government ministries, commissions, United Nations agencies and civil society organisations was formed. The National Steering Committee, which will continue to coordinate and monitor the South Sudan National Action Plan implementation, is chaired by the the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare (MGCSW).

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation                                                               

Implementation of the National Action Plan for UNSCR 1325 will be monitored by an inter-ministerial committee comprised of ve Government ministries, namely, the MGCSW, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning. The Inter-Ministerial Committee will be chaired by the MGCSW, with the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Justice as co-chairs, and will meet twice a year (every six months) to evaluate the progress of National Action Plan implementation and receive the mid-year reports from the National Steering Committee. The Inter-Ministerial Committee will also receive and approve the National Annual Report on UNSCR 1325 and submit it to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who will then present it to the Council of Ministers to have it tabled for debate in Parliament.

Objectives

The National Action Plan is based on the mandate of UNSCR 1325 and the activities to be implemented fall under the four pillars of the resolution, as follows:

  • Prevention: Reduction in con ict and all forms of structural and physical violence against women, particularly sexual and gender-based violence;
  • Participation: Inclusion of women and women’s interests in decision-making processes related to the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts;
  • Protection: Women’s safety, physical and mental health and economic security are assured and their human rights respected; and   
  • Relief and recovery: Women’s specific needs are met in conflict and post-conflict situations.
Action/Activities

Each pillar has different actions assigned. For example, Strategic Goal 1 (Increase women’s effective participation in leadership and peacebuilding and strengthen gender perspectives in the South Sudan’s state-building and reconstruction processes)  includes the following actions:                                                     

  • Examine and review all laws, policies and programmes within South Sudan’s socio-economic and political context in order to promote and guarantee equal opportunities and active and meaningful participation of women in politics and in positions of power and decision-making positions, taking into consideration the special needs and interests of women with disabilities;                                                          
  • Promote equal access and opportunities for women and girls, including those with disabilities, to education, vocational and technical training, in-service training and skills development by deliberately addressing the roots of their poverty to enable them to engage in meaningful employment, attain economic empowerment and effectively participate in the country’s rebuilding and democratic processes;
  • Improve women’s economic status by ensuring that reconstruction programmes undertaken in South Sudan equitably benefit women and girls, including those with disabilities; women are invited to participate and contribute to government and donor discussions and decisions taken on recovery and reconstruction projects to be financed and implemented;
  • Actively involve women in the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) programme and ensure that all those involved in planning for DDR consider the different needs of female and male ex-combatants and the WAAF/G, and take into account the needs of their dependents.
Timeframe

The implementation period for the Sudanese National Plan of Action is five years, 2015-2020.

Indicators

Each strategic goal has a number of listed indicators. For example, the first goal, “Review all laws (statutory and customary) that undermine or hinder women’s participation in decision-making and governance in their bid to actively engage in South Sudan’s recovery, development and democratic processes ”, includes several indicators:

  1. Number of laws reviewed;
  2. Number of sensitization campaigns held to consult with and inform traditional leaders and communities on negative cultural practices that hinder women’s leadership potential;
  3. Number of women actively involved in governance and recovery processes.
Budget

Based on the National Action Plan, government institutions and implementing partners will develop detailed activity plans related to their areas of operation and budget for these activities, as well as take full financial responsibility for their implementation.

The proposed National Action Plan activities are not restrictive and the exibility provided for allows room for stakeholders to adjust their programming so as to rapidly respond to changing environments and conflict-related developments in the country. This flexibility also permits the different actors to utilise new windows of opportunity in funding that may emerge in the course of this action plan’s years.  

Monitoring & Evaluation

The Inter-Ministerial Committee meets twice a year (every six months) to evaluate the progress of National Action Plan implementation and receive the mid-year reports from the National Steering Committee. The Inter-Ministerial Committee also receives and approves the National Annual Report on UNSCR 1325 and submits it to the Minister of Foreign A airs, who will then present it to the Council of Ministers to have it tabled for debate in Parliament. Every two years the Government compiles a report on UNSCR 1325 and submitS it to the United Nations Secretary General as required under the resolution. A mid-term evaluation of implementation will be conducted in 2016 after the compilation of the report to the United Nations Secretary General and a final review will be prepared in the fourth year (2018) to pave the way for the development of a revised National Action Plan.

Disarmament

Strategic Objective 4 under the Strategic Goal 1 (Increase women’s effective participation in leadership and peacebuilding and strengthen gender perspectives in the South Sudan’s state-building and reconstruction processes) assigns all relevant actors to actively involve women in the disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) programme and ensure that all those involved in planning for DDR consider the different needs of female and male ex-combatants and take into account the needs of their dependents.