National Action Plan: Congo (Kinshasa)

Flag of the Democratic Republic of Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has adopted two National Action Plans (NAP) to date, in 2010 and 2018. While the first NAP did not have a specific time frame or period of implementation, the second NAP is to be implemented for the period of 2019-2022. 

The DRC’s second NAP provides a detailed overview that evaluates the implementation of the first NAP, addressing positive developments and ongoing challenges. The NAP is in tandem with the country’s National Gender Policy with its focus on advancing women’s and girls’ human rights during and after conflict and working against impunity for crimes perpetrated against women and girls. A post-conflict recovery framework also marks the NAP, as the document states that the general objective of the country’s second action plan is “to promote a secure environment that guarantees the fair inclusion of women, men and young people in consolidating peace in the DRC” (p. 10). 

The DRC went through a civil war that lasted from 1997 and 2003, resulting in five million casualties. Women were disproportionately impacted by wartime atrocities, with mass rape used as a weapon of war. The DRC has since suffered sporadic acts of violence that continues to mark everyday life in the country. Armed groups are still active in the country’s eastern provinces, and the political situation in the DRC remains volatile due to the uncontrolled flow of small arms and light weapons into the country. 

In 2018, the DRC spent $295 million on military expenses, which is a 10% decrease from their military budget in 2017. The DRC neither signed nor ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which regulates the flow of weapons across international borders.  

Document PDF: 

DRC NAP 2010 (English)

Civil Society Report

DRC analysis: Miller, Pournik, Swaine

DRC NAP 2019 (English)

WILPF
WILPF DRC was involved in the creation of DRC’s NAP by collaborating with the National Secretariat 1325 in organizing two high-level workshops in November 2016 and March 2017 to discuss the roadmaps that would lead to the drafting of DRC’s second NAP.
Civil Society Actors

NAP Development:

The NAP indicates that representatives of civil society were included in a workshop organized to evaluate the country’s first NAP and provide recommendations for the second version. However, the NAP does not specify which civil society organizations were present during this evaluation process. 

NAP Implementation:

The NAP includes civil society organizations among the actors that are tasked with implementing some of the objectives. However, the document does not specify which civil society organizations will be represented or how they will contribute to the implementation. 

NAP Monitoring & Evaluation:

The NAP indicates that the Steering Committee will be responsible for compiling reports on the NAP’s implementation. Both the national Steering Committee and the Provincial Steering Committee will include representatives from civil society. However, the NAP does not specify what the role of the civil society representatives will be. 

Government Actors

NAP Development:

The development of the NAP was spearheaded by the Ministry of Gender, Family and Children in collaboration with government and civil society representatives as well as technical experts. 

NAP Implementation:

The NAP identifies a national coordination mechanism, which consists of the Steering Committee, the National Secretariat, and the 1325 Trust Fund, to coordinate the implementation of the NAP. The National Secretariat will be responsible for the day-to-day and overall implementation of the NAP. 

NAP Monitoring & Evaluation:

The NAP identifies a national coordination mechanism, which consists of the Steering Committee, the National Secretariat, and the 1325 Trust Fund, to coordinate the implementation of the NAP. The Steering Committee, which is mostly composed of government representatives from various ministries, is responsible for compiling the periodic and annual reports on the NAP’s implementation.

Objectives

The NAP identifies 11 objectives, compiled under the four pillars of UNSCR 1325: participation (referred to in the NAP as “inclusion”), prevention, protection, and recovery. On DRC’s NAP, inclusion has two objectives, prevention has five objectives, protection has two objectives, and recovery has two objectives listed. For example, objective #2 listed under inclusion is: “Helping to raise to 20% the inclusion rate of women and young women in decision-making bodies of socio-political, economic, public and private institutions” (p. 19). 

Action/Activities

The NAP has a detailed implementation matrix that breaks down each objective with corresponding anticipated results, indicators, activities, and actors. For example, objective #2 listed under inclusion identifies, “Advocacy to authorities for effective implementation of commitments to promote the inclusion of women in political governance” as one of the activities listed under this objective (p. 28, implementation matrix).  

Timeframe
The implementation period of the NAP is three years (2019-2022).
Budget
The NAP does not contain an allocated or estimated budget. However, the NAP does indicate that a Trust Fund has been set up to obtain financial support for the implementation of the WPS Agenda. The NAP indicates that the Fund will be funded by the government and donors as well as receiving contributions from technical and financial partners.
Indicators
The NAP identifies several indicators for each objective, outlined on the implementation matrix. For example, objective #2 listed under inclusion identifies, “Percentage of women and young women within decision-making bodies” and “Number of laws revised to be gender-sensitive” as two of the four indicators listed under this objective (p. 28, implementation matrix).
Monitoring & Evaluation

The NAP identifies a national coordination mechanism, which consists of the Steering Committee, the National Secretariat, and the 1325 Trust Fund, to coordinate the implementation of the NAP. The Steering Committee is responsible for compiling the periodic and annual reports on the NAP’s implementation. However, the NAP does not provide further information on how the monitoring and evaluation will be conducted.

Disarmament
The NAP does not address disarmament in its objectives or scope of implementation. However, DRC’s Ministry of Defense, Disarmament and Veterans is tasked with implementing several objectives.