Kyrgyzstan has adopted two National Action Plans (NAP) to date, in 2013 and 2018 to be implemented for the period of 2013-2014 and 2018-2020, respectively. The following is a brief summary and analysis of the country’s second NAP.
Similar to Kyrgyzstan's first NAP, the country’s second action plan consists solely of an implementation matrix and does not provide an overview of the NAP development process or how UNSCR 1325 implementation fits into the country's historical and political context.
Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Since then, the country has experienced political instability and ethnic tension as well as two major instances of civil unrest—the Tulip Revolution of 2005 and the Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010, which led to the ousting of the then presidents Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiyev, respectively. In 2010, the growing unrest resulted in an interethnic conflict between the majority Kyrgyz and minority Uzbeks, leaving over 400 casualties and hundreds of wounded. The conflict has had distinct gendered impacts, with women subjected to sexual violence, humiliation, and extortion as well as experiencing social stigma as survivors of sexual violence.
In 2018, Kyrgyzstan’s military spending was $121.2 million (a slight decrease from $121.5 million in 2017). Kyrgyzstan joined the UN in 1992 and is a contributor to UN Peacekeeping Operations, with a total of 11 personnel serving as of September 2019. Kyrgyzstan is also a member of NATO’s Partnership for Peace Program. Kyrgyzstan has neither signed nor ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which regulates the flow of weapons across international borders.