National Action Plan: Norway

Flag of NorwayNorway launched its first NAP in 2006 and subsequently launched a revised NAP for the period 2011-2013. Its development was led by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The third NAP from Norway was released in 2015 for the period of 2015-2018.

Norway does not have a recent history of conflict, but plays an important role in international peacekeeping, humanitarian, and development organisations.  As such, the NAP is focused internationally.

From a recent academic analysis: Unlike the previous NAP, the latest Norwegian NAP includes a timeframe for action but only spanning three years. It also expands the priority areas from three to five. Yet, civil society involvement in developing or monitoring the NAP is neither specified. A major difference from the previous NAP is that it includes a table for each priority area, which ensures that it specifies roles and indicators across all the sub-activities.

Document PDF: 

Norway Revised NAP (2011-2013)

Norway analysis: Miller, Pournik, Swaine

Norway Revised (NAP 2015-2018)

WILPF

WILPF Norway, created in 1915, has been with WILPF since the very start. In Norway, the section is known as Internasjonal Kvinneliga for Fred og Frihet (IKFF).

WILPF Norway was founded as a direct result of the Hague Congress: various Norwegian women’s organisations sent 8 representative delegates to the congress who later came together to form what is known as WILPF Norway today.

Over the years, WILPF Norway has campaigned against the inclusion of women in the military service, taken active part in the campaigns for nuclear disarmament, and promoted culture of peace efforts. This section was also one of the first to spread information about SCR 1325 and to lobby for its implementation by Norwegian Government efforts for peace mediation.

As of today, WILPF Norway has ca 380 members with 4 branches and one main office in the capital city of Oslo. Although the number of members has been stable in recent years, this section has not been able to expand , a problem that it hopes to overcome in the coming years.

Civil Society Actors

NAP Development

Not-specified

NAP Implementation

It is recognized that Civil society has played a key role in promoting the involvement of local women and stronger focus on results.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Working with civil society is specifically mentioned under the priority area 1 on 'Peace processes and peace negotiations in which Norway is engaged involve the participation of both women and men, and peace agreements address the rights, needs and priorities of both women and men' where the sub-objective 1.1.1 reads to: 'Promote the participation of women and civil society organisations in peace processes, and urge parties to conflict to increase the proportion of women in their negotiating delegations'.

Government Actors

NAP Development

Ministries of Foreign Affairs as leading agents. Also, involved groups include Ministries of Defense, Children, Equality and Social Inclusion, Justice and the Police.

NAP Implementation

Ministry of Foreign Affairs plays the main role on implementation. However, the third NAP emphasizes the importance of “Cooperation and close dialogue across sectors, ministries, research groups and NGOs” and a SCR 1325 and an interministerial working group have been created where the contact between all actors are facilitated by the The Forum for Women and Development.

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Indicators will be monitored by different ministries, depending of the goal, in cooperation with civil society.

Objectives

Aim: To ensure that women are able to take part in peace processes and that the rights, needs and priorities of both women and men are addressed in all peace and security efforts. This plan covers the following priority areas:

Priority Area 1: Peace processes and peace negotiations to ensure full participation by women in peace agreements which should address the rights, needs and priorities of both women and men;

Priority Area 2: Women’s and men’s security, rights and needs to be taken into account in all aspects of international operations;

Priority Area 3: Peacebuilding processes (increasing women’s economic and political freedom of action and influence);

Priority Area 4: Norway’s efforts in response to humanitarian crises safeguard the rights of both women and men and address their needs and priorities.

Each Priority Area has a set of goals. For example, Priority Area 1 has the following goals: An increase in the number of women participating in peace negotiations and peace processes and that a gender perspective is incorporated into peace agreements and peace processes. The goals each have individual actions points.

Action/Activities

Each objective in the third NAP has goals which have individual action points. Example from priority area 1: Peace processes and peace negotiations, goal 1.2: “Develop guidelines on how to incorporate a gender perspective and take women’s rights into account in Norway’s peace and security efforts. In processes where Norway has a formal role, a strategy for including women and incorporating a gender perspective is to be drawn up at an early stage”.

Timeframe
The general time frame for Norway's NAP implementation is from 2011 to 2013; however, the activities mentioned in the document have specific time frames as well.
Budget

The third NAP will be financed within existing budgetary framework, but the NAP notes that the ‘aim is for a greater proportion of funding for relevant budget items to be allocated to the area of Women, Peace and Security’

The second NAP (2011-2013) had an annual allocation of NOK 300 million for women’s rights with an additional NOK 140 million earmarked each year for the implementation of SCR 1325.

Indicators

There are no concrete indicators noted in the third NAP. However, the NAP states that a new common results framework with core indicators will be developed to follow up on results achieved during the NAP implementation period. 

Monitoring & Evaluation

A new common results framework with core indicators will be developed and used to improve the monitoring, reporting and evaluating the results from working with implementing the NAP. Annually, a work plan for the ministries implementing objectives will be developed  to ensure effective implementation. The ministries will work closely with NGOs and research groups throughout the process of implementation and monitoring of results thereof.

Disarmament

The third NAP links discrimination and gender-based violence often to the illegal use of weapons and also highlights the case of sexual violence in conflict in this context.

Disarmament is also stressed in Priority area 4: Humanitarian Efforts. Goal 4.3 states ‘A gender perspective is incorporated into humanitarian disarmament and arms control processes’ with the following two outputs being:

  • ‘4.3.1. Encourage global implementation of the provision relating to gender-related violence by states parties to the Arms Trade Treaty’

  • ‘4.3.2. Promote the incorporation of a gender perspective into efforts to prevent the use of mines and cluster munitions, including providing rehabilitation and support to victims, and into efforts to clear contaminated areas’