National Action Plan: Serbia

Flag of Serbia

Serbia launched its second National Action Plan on the implementation of UNSCR1325 (1325NAP) in 2017 for the 2017-2020 period. Representatives of public administration and local self-government bodies, academia, civil society organisations and independent male and female experts, as members of the Working Group, participated in the NAP development. The Plan takes into account the results of the evaluations of the implementation of the previous National Action Plan (2010-2015), undertaken by civil society organisations. The Serbian NAP calls for establishing the Operational Body, a single reporting model and Focal Points for the implementation of the National Action Plan at all levels of its implementation in the next five years.  

 

Serbia has a recent history of conflict as part of the former Yugoslavia in the late 1990s. The NAP refers to it in the introduction: “The crimes perpetrated against members of Serbian people and the citizens of Serbia during the armed conflicts in the Republic of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Kosovo and Metohija are strongly condemned; regret and solidarity with the victims of the NATO bombing is expressed; all international actors are invited to fully investigate and properly punish the perpetrators of crimes against the Serbian people and the citizens of Serbia and seek solutions that will ensure that these kinds of casualties will never occur again.”

The NAP includes good and specific descriptions of objectives, actions, actors and timelines, as well as measurable indicators to assess its implementation; it mentions disarmament briefly in terms of increasing the presence of women in the process of planning and implementation of disarmament, peacebuilding and reconstruction of society. For each activity, the Plan also identifies financial resources for implementation.

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Serbia NAP

Serbia analysis: Miller, Pournik, Swaine

Serbia: Second 1325 NAP

WILPF
WILPF International does not have neither a country section nor partners in Serbia and therefore was not involved in the development process of Serbia’s NAP.
Civil Society Actors

NAP Development

The development of Serbia’s NAP was inclusive, participatory and included input from civil society organisations (CSOs). The development of the new National Action Plan takes into account the results of the evaluations of the implementation of the previous National Action Plan (2010-2015), implemented by civil society organisations. It took into account the research studies of the academic community, civil society and international organisations concerning the implementation of UNSC Resolution 1325. In addition, public consultations on the Draft National Action Plan were organised by the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Youth and Sports, the Office for Cooperation with Civil Society, the Standing Conference of Towns and Municipalities of Serbia and the OSCE Mission to Serbia in May and June 2016 in six cities.

 

NAP Implementation

The NAP highlights the role of civil society as the NAP implementing partner.  For instance, under Action 1.8 “Engaging and building the capacity of civil society organisations, academia and other actors involved in the implementation of the NAP”, the indicators are:

  1. Number of projects and programmes for the implementation of the NAP;

  2. The existence of a public competition for monitoring the implementation of the NAP;

  3. Number of considered, accepted and refused civil society initiatives related to the implementation of the NAP.

 

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

Civil society is one of the entities responsible for the monitoring of the Plan. The NAP states that independent monitoring should continue to be performed by representatives of citizen associations (civil society organisations), academic community and the media, within their scopes of work. The NAP highlights the importance of ensuring the participation of relevant bodies dealing with gender equality at the provincial and local level.

Government Actors

NAP Development

The NAP drafting efforts were coordinated by the Belgrade Fund for Political Excellence, the Government of the Republic of Serbia, at the proposal of the Ministry of Defence.

 

NAP Implementation

The NAP assigns multiple bodies to implement the plan including the Political Council of the Government, Operational Body of the Government, and the Advisor for the implementation of the National Action Plan.

 

NAP Monitoring and Evaluation

The NAP assigns multiple bodies to monitor the implementation of the Plan, including the Commission for Monitoring the Implementation of the National Action Plan and the analytical groups and research teams.

Objectives

The primary objectives of Serbia's NAP include: 

  1. Improved efficiency and effectiveness of work of all actors, institutional bodies and mechanisms envisaged for the implementation of the National Action Plan;

  2. Developed preventive mechanisms to increase the security of women in peace, conflict and post-conflict rehabilitation of society in the country and abroad;

  3. Increased representation, inclusion and decision-making of women in all the processes related to the preservation of peace and security;

  4. Improved regulatory conditions and institutional capacities for accessible and effective protection of women;

  5. Enhanced system of support for the recovery of women who have suffered any form of threat to security in the post-conflict rehabilitation of society, crisis and emergency situations.

Action/Activities

Each area of work has different actions assigned. For example, Strategic Objective 3 “Increased representation, inclusion and decision-making of women in all the processes related to the preservation of peace and security” includes the following actions:

  1. Harmonisation of relevant laws and by-laws in the field of security and defence, including the provisions of anti-discrimination regulations related to the recruitment, career development and balance between professional and private life of women employed in the security system;

  2. Improvement of the system of planning, organisation and management of human resources in the institutions of security system to ensure greater representation and advancement of women;

  3. Creation of equal opportunities in practice for education, employment, career guidance and advancement of women (especially women from multiply discriminated and minority groups) and men in the security system;

  4. Creation of equal opportunities for increasing the representation of women in the positions of rector and vice-rector of university, dean, vice-dean, head of departments, teacher and student at all levels of education and professional development in the field of security;

  5. Introduction of statistical monitoring and periodic qualitative research on the reasons that have direct impact on employment (recruitment) of women, their retention, promotion and abandonment of certain jobs in the security system;

  6. Creation of equal representation of women in public administration and local self-government bodies and other bodies responsible for deciding on defence and security issues;

  7. Involvement and regional networking of women in building confidence for the improvement of security and stability in the region in order to prevent conflict.

Timeframe

The NAP implementation period is three years (2017-2020).

Budget

For each activity, the plan identifies financial resources for implementation.

Indicators
Each strategic objective has a number of listed outputs. For example, the first policy objective of Strategic Objective 1, “. Establishment and regular functioning of the Political Council for the implementation of the National Action Plan for the implementation of the UNSC Resolution 1325 – Women, Peace and Security in the Republic of Serbia in the period 2017-2020 (NAP)”, includes several indicators: -Adopted Government’s Conclusion on establishing the Political Council; -Considered reports and evaluations of the implementation of the NAP, submitted by the Operational Body; -Number and content of the meetings held by the Political Council; -Number of reports submitted to the Government along with the proposal of further activities related to the implementation of UNSC Resolution 1325 in the Republic of Serbia; -Adopted Rules of Procedure and Activity Plan; -Number of recommendations/ decisions; -Participation in relevant national and international conferences; -Number of regular reports submitted to the Government.
Monitoring & Evaluation
The NAP assigns multiple bodies to monitor the implementation of the plan including the Commission for Monitoring the Implementation of the National Action Plan and the analytical groups and research teams. The NAP also lists civil society, academic community and the media as stakeholders in the monitoring process.
Disarmament
The Serbian NAP mentions disarmament under the third objective in the context of equal treatment of women in decision-making and greater representation of women in the process of planning and implementation of: disarmament, peace-building, post-conflict reconstruction of society and reintegration of refugees.