National Action Plan: Slovenia

Flag of Slovenia

Slovenia has adopted two National Action Plans (NAP) to date, in 2010 and 2018 to be implemented for the period of 2010-2015 and 2018-2020, respectively. The following is a brief summary and analysis of the country’s second NAP.

Slovenia’s NAP was developed by the country’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, based on the findings of the implementation review of the first NAP. The country’s second action plan is grounded in various national and international documents that pertain to gender mainstreaming in peace and security. The NAP’s scope is both national and international, and the action plan indicates that Slovenia’s capacity to integrate a gender perspective to peace and security in the international arena will bolster the country’s implementation of the WPS Agenda at the national level. The NAP also stresses the importance of a domestic focus to the action plan in order to address emergent issues of the increasing number of migrants and violent extremism. 

Slovenia gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 after a brief conflict (also referred to as the “Ten-Day War”) between Yugoslav and Slovenian forces. The country has not had a history of conflict since then. In 2018, Slovenia’s military spending increased by 11.7%, with a total of $529.5 million spent on military expenses. Slovenia joined the UN in 1992 and is a contributor to UN Peacekeeping Operations, with a total of 18 personnel serving in missions as of September 2019. A previous member of NATO’s Partnership for Peace Program, Slovenia became a full member of NATO in 2004. Slovenia both signed and ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which regulates the flow of weapons across international borders.

Document PDF: 

Slovenia 1st NAP (2010-2015) - English

Slovenia NAP Analysis: Miller, Pournik, Swaine

WILPF
WILPF does not have a country section in Slovenia and therefore was not involved in the development process of Slovenia’s NAP.
Civil Society Actors

NAP Development:

The NAP indicates that “civil society and other stakeholders” were consulted about the draft text of the action plan. However, the NAP does not provide further details on how or which civil society organizations were consulted. 

NAP Implementation:

The NAP does not indicate civil society involvement in the implementation of the action plan. 

NAP Monitoring & Evaluation:

The NAP indicates that non-governmental organizations and civil society will be invited to the inter-ministerial meetings at the working level to participate in the evaluation of the action plan. However, the NAP does not provide further details on how or which non-governmental and civil society organizations will be included in the monitoring and evaluation process. 

Government Actors

NAP Development:

The NAP was developed by Slovenia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in cooperation with the Ministry of Defense; Ministry of the Interior; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Justice; and Ministry of Labor, Family, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities. 

NAP Implementation:

Several ministries, such as the Ministry of Defense and Ministry of the Interior, among others, are tasked with implementing various objectives of the NAP.

NAP Monitoring & Evaluation:

The NAP indicates that Slovenia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs will be responsible for coordinating the preparation of evaluation reports. 

Objectives

Slovenia’s NAP identifies five overarching areas of focus for the implementation of the action plan:

  1. Implementation of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda and the integration of gender in the peace and security policy;

  2. Women involved in peace and security area;

  3. Women and girls protection before the conflict, between and after the conflict, and elimination of sexual violence and gender based violence related to conflicts;

  4. Education and training in the field of Women, Peace and Security Agenda;

  5. Responsibility for the prevention and prosecution of perpetrators of sexual violence and gender based violence related to conflicts.

Action/Activities

Slovenia’s NAP identifies five overarching areas of focus, with each area having its corresponding activity. For example, focus #5, “Responsibility for the prevention and prosecution of perpetrators of sexual violence and gender based violence related to conflicts,” lists “Commitment to prosecute those responsible for sexual violence and gender based violence, and to eliminate the culture of impunity within international forums, even when dealing with individual situations or countries” as an activity.

Timeframe

The implementation period of the NAP is two years (2018-2020).

Budget

The NAP does not contain an allocated or estimated budget. However, the NAP does mention financial support for the implementation of the WPS Agenda at the international level. Specifically, the NAP mentions “financial support to the various mechanisms of international organizations that support Implementation of Women, Peace and Security Agenda” and “earmarking relevant contributions that are not directly related to the topic of women, peace and security, in the implementation of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda (example: the financial contribution of the Republic of Slovenia in support of the Afghan security forces was used specifically for the needs of the female members of the Afghan Security Forces).” 

Indicators

Slovenia’s NAP identifies five overarching areas of focus, with each area having corresponding activities, operators, and indicators. For example, activity #1 under the objective to end impunity for sexual and gender-based violence lists “appearances and statements of male and female representatives of the Republic of Slovenia, which include the importance of prosecution of those responsible for gender based crimes and the elimination of the culture of impunity in discussions in the UN (NATO, SSR and other UN bodies), NATO, the EU and the OSCE at various levels or at international events related to this area” as an indicator.  

Monitoring & Evaluation

Slovenia’s NAP will be evaluated through a two-step process: 1) A reporting system and 2) Meetings of relevant governmental and non-governmental stakeholders. Two annual reports will be prepared in 2018 and 2019 to monitor the implementation of the NAP. Additionally, a final report, with an overview of the implementation and recommendations for the future, will be prepared after the NAP’s expiration period. Furthermore, implementation will also be evaluated through biannual inter-ministerial meetings. The NAP indicates that additional meetings will be convened, if needed. 

Disarmament

The NAP mentions disarmament once under the goal of “promoting gender mainstreaming in areas related to peace and security” within the context of Slovenia’s participation in discussions on international organizations and events, including disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration. Otherwise, the NAP does not have a substantive engagement with or plan of action to address issues of disarmament and demilitarization.