Physical, sexual, psychological and economic violence against women is endemic worldwide. Unless actively tackled and resolved, it will continue to be a significant obstacle to gender equality, peace and security, and development. All too often, women live in situations of conflict and violence whether or not their countries are undergoing conflict and insecurity. Resolution 1325 (2000), unanimously adopted by the Security Council in October 2000 under the Presidency of Namibia, is regarded as one of the most influential documents in establishing the legitimacy of addressing women's and gender issues in the areas of peace and security. The resolution provides a framework that makes the pursuit of gender equality relevant to every conflict-related action, ranging from mine clearance to elections to security sector reform. While all major stakeholders need to take responsibility for the full implementation of resolution 1325 (2000), Member States in particular should ensure that it is integrated into their national policies and training programmes to make its implementation systematic and sustainable. The development of national strategies or action plans through an inclusive process can provide the necessary space to analyse the situation, build alliances with key stakeholders, initiate strategic actions and mobilize resources. In addition, such plans should encourage a holistic approach that links development, security and peace. Given the necessity of national level implementation, the low number of countries which have adopted national action plans for the implementation of resolution 1325 (2000) is deplorable. As the 10th anniversary of resolution 1325 (2000) approaches in October 2010, the global community, Member States, the UN System, and civil society must take stock of the extent and limitations of our progress in effectively and sustainably supporting the implementation of the resolution with a view to accelerating progress. The purpose of this Review is to highlight the different approaches to the formulation of national action plans. The Review focuses on how the resolution can be incorporated into concrete policy guidelines and programmatic initiatives. It highlights good practices and lessons learned over the last nine years. It is expected that the information and examples contained in the Review will support and advance the formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of more and stronger national action plans that will turn resolution 1325 into a living reality to improve the situation of women on the ground.