The second Ghana National Action Plan (GHANAP II) on the UN Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security has been finalised. The NAP, with an implementation period of 2020-2025, is available below. Analysis of the new NAP is forthcoming.
Ghana's first NAP was developed in 2010, but launched in 2012 for the period 2012-2014. The development of the NAP was led by the Ministry of Women and Children's Affairs with broad-based participation from civil society. The plan is unique in that it has a separate action plan for coordinating the implementation of the NAP.
Although Ghana has not experienced armed conflicts of grave humanitarian consequences, there have been a number of violent ethnic conflicts with adverse impacts on especially women and girls which make it absolutely appropriate for the implementation of UNSCR 1325 in Ghana. This is coupled with the fact that Ghana is involved in the maintenance of international Peace and Security by contributing troops to different peace support and peacekeeping operations. The relevance of a Ghana National Action Plan is ultimately for the maintenance of both National and International Peace and Security in general, and is therefore guided by the experience of localised pockets of intra-state conflicts which are mainly characterized by chieftaincy and land disputes as well as its multilateral co-operation and active participation in several international peace keeping operations within the United Nations (UN), the African Union (AU) as well as the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
The Ghanaian NAP is dated October 2010 but was only officially launched in December 2012. Interestingly the implementation period was supposed to cover three years from 2012 through 2014 but clearly the plan could not be put into effect for 2012 given the amount of time it took to formally adopt it.