Country / Region profile of: Cuba

Women in Cuba receive legal protections and the Federation of Cuban Women (FCW), an NGO created after the Cuban Revolution, promotes women's rights. Women are also nearly represented equally to men in the National Congress. However, Cuban women, despite their educational achievements, still face challenges to political and economic advancement due to patriarchal traditions and gender stereotyping and struggle against inadequate legislation addressing sexual violence. Cuba is not currently in conflict; recently, economic sanctions were removed by the United States. Cuba ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on 17 July 1980. Cuba is ranked at number 27 of the 144 listed countries in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2016. Cuba does not have a NAP for the implementation of UNSCR 1325; and currently military spending data is not available. Cuba did not participate in the UNSC Open Debate on WPS and have made no financial commitments on the WPS Agenda. Women activists continue to face internal challenges because, although women's rights are advocated for by FCW, the organisation has close ties with the government, which heavily restricts civil liberties.

"This phenomenon of women’s participation in the revolution was a revolution within the revolution... the revolution is occurring among the women of our country!" - Fidel Castro