Country / Region profile of: Eritrea

Eritrean women have played a great role in their country's security, fighting alongside men during Eritrea's armed struggle for independence from Ethiopia (1961-1991). Eritrea has remained in a border dispute with Ethiopia since their border war from 1998-2000. Eritrea acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 5th September 1995. As of 2017, Eritrea is not among the 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In regards to disarmament, Eritrea voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, but has not yet signed or ratified. During the 2017 Security Council Open Debate, Eritrea did not give a statement affirming support for WPS and made no specific commitments towards the implementation of UNSCR 1325. Eritrean women have continued post-revolution to advocate for gender equality and women's empowerment, including getting the government in 2007 to ban female genital mutilation, which had affected nearly 90% of the female population.

"Understanding and addressing root causes of gender inequality in our respective countries are crucial in the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals for women and girls, including the Milennium Development Goals." - Luul Ghebreab