Women in Jordan struggle against an authoritarian regime to increase political participation, affirmative action measures, and social gender equality. Since Jordan is situated between many countries in conflict it often acts as a "safe zone" for refugees fleeing violence, creating a difficult situation for Jordanian society and women in refugee camps. As of 2017, Jordan ranks 135 out of 144 countries listed in the Global Gender Gap Index. On 1 July 1992, Jordan ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Jordan has not signed nor ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). During the 2015 October Open Debate, Jordan gave a statement affirming support for WPS and expressed its committment to harmonise it with the Sustainable Development Goals, keeping in mind the current regional context, including the constant flow of Syrian refugees, to continue to enhance and guarantee the protection of and respect for the rights of women and girls in its legislation and to promote women’s empowerment so that they may increasingly participate in decision-making. At the 2016 Open Debate, Representatives of Jordan followed up on these commitments, noting that a National Action Plan on the Implementation of UNSCR 1325 has been drafted and that gender-sensitive trainings, consultations, and women participants have all increased in Jordan's peacekeeping contributions. In 2017, Jordan spent $ 1.9 billion on its military. At the 2017 Open Debate, Jordan stated that its draft national plan has been submitted to the Cabinet and will be ratified soon. Jordan estimated the cost of the National Plan and stated that they have allocated a flexible and realistic budget to it. However, they did not mention the budget. Jordan created its first NAP for the period of four years (2018-2021) and has set aside a budget of $7,820,000 for the implementation of the NAP. Both government-sponsored and independent women groups in Jordan continue to lobby and advocate for an improvement of women's rights and general standards of living, and often receive foreign aid for their efforts.