Many of the obstacles facing Malaysia disproportionately affect women. These include endemic poverty, human trafficking, unrest, crime and a resurgent Islamic movement. Malaysia acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1995. It ranks 104 out of 144 countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Malaysia signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 25 September 2013 but has not yet ratified. During the 2017 October Open Debate, Malaysia did not give a statement. In 2017, $3.49 bln was spent by Malaysia on its military; however, they have not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). Malaysia has made strides in educational attainment of women, their increased labour force participation in higher paying occupations, their greater involvement in business activities, and their improved health status. Despite these advancements, women remain unequal to men in measures of economic participation, opportunity and political empowerment.