The history of Niger has been characterized by intermittent ethnic conflicts due to the marginalization of its ethnic minorities, the impact of which is felt especially by women. In 2010, a coup d'état took place in Niger that resulted in overthrowing the Government. In 2011, free and fair parliamentary elections were conducted. However, living standards in Niger are among the lowest in the world and women live under particularly harsh conditions, particularly in rural areas. Niger has not been listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) since 2013. Niger voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 24 March 2014, and has ratified on 27 July 2015. In 2017, Niger spent $200 million on military expenditures. It acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on 8th October 1999. Niger does not have NAP for the implementation of UNSCR 1325. Although the 2010 Constitution prohibits gender discrimination, women suffer discrimination in practice. Sexual violence is widespread and Niger is both a source and destination country for victims of trafficking. While women have not been included in the peace process of the country so far, women's rights organizations work towards increasing the capacity of women leaders in conflict prevention and management and raising their level of education to nurture a culture of peace.