Samoa does not have a recent history of conflict. Women have equal rights under the Constitution and statutory law, and the traditionally subordinate role of women has been changing, albeit slowly. To integrate women into the economic mainstream, the Government has sponsored numerous programs, including literacy and training programs for those who did not complete high school. Samoa has not been listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017 and there is no military expenditure data. It has acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1992. Samoa voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), signed on 25th September 2013 and ratified the Treaty on 3 June 2014. They have not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). Violence against women is widespread in Samoa. Women peace activists in Samoa continue to work to highlight and address issues of violence against women, personal security, equality and human rights.