Until 1994, South Africa was ruled by a white minority government and an apartheid regime. Reform in 1994 marked a change in governance for the nation. The Constitution protects women’s right to equality and prohibits discrimination. On paper, South Africa has one of the world's most impressive legal arsenals for protecting women's rights. However, the gap between principle and practice is often wide. In some areas, particularly in politics, it does well. South Africa is ranked 19 of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) for 2016 and ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1995. South Africa voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 25th September 2013, and ratified on 22 December 2014. During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, South Africa gave a statement affirming support for WPS and said South Africa provides training for women mediators in the African region, engagement with civil society and paid special tribute to women’s organizations for their active role in the abolishment of nuclear weapons, including the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom. In 2017, $3,618,000,000 bln was spent by South Africa on its military; however, they do not have a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). Civil society and female activists in South Africa are extremely active in working for peacebuilding and reconciliation throughout Africa. In addition, they raise awareness regarding violence against women and work tirelessly for social change in their own country.