Tajikistan plumetted into civil war almost as soon as it became independent from the Soviet Union in 1991. The war ended officially in 1997 with a United Nations brokered peace agreement. The war had a tremendous impact on women who struggled to cope with its effects. The law today provides for the rights and freedoms of every person regardless of gender, but discrimination against women remains. Tajikistan is ranked 95 out of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) for 2017. There is no data for Tajikistan's military spending in 2017. Tajikistan acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1993. Tajikistan has neither signed nor ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). In 2015, Tajikistan spent USD104M on their military. Women peace activists in Tajikistan work hard to strengthen women's leadership skills, capacity-building and empowerment, while promoting conflict prevention.