Friday, September 3, 2004



Since our last issue of the newsletter, we have received 2 new translations of 1325 in Serbian and Bahasa Melayu/Bahasa Indonesia, as well as a revised Turkish translation.

The Bahasa Melayu/Bahasa Indonesia was completed by: Peter D. Johnson, Retired civil administrator, retired lecturer MARA University of Technology, MALAYSIA. To contact him, please email:

The revision of the Turkish translation was completed by: Idil Isil Gul, LL.M, Project Coordinator for the Human Rights Law Research Center at Istanbul Bilgi University. To contact her, please email:

The source information for the Serbian translation is currently unavailable. Once it has been sent to us, it will be available at:

To view the 48 available translations, CLICK HERE.

If you know of existing translations or potential translators, please contact

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September 1, 2004 - (UNIFEM) Women ex-combatants from Rwanda have asked for a role in regional peacekeeping missions in Africa. Pointing specifically to the recent Rwandan government's commitment to support regional peacekeeping missions by sending soldiers to help protect African Union cease-fire monitors, they are urging that ex-combatant women be included in such missions, because of their experience of warfare and its particular impact on women, and their interest in assisting women caught in conflict.

September 1, 2004 (NYT) - The number of girls in school and women in parliaments has risen, and their overall access to contraception has improved in the past decade, according to a new report by the United Nations Population Fund.

August 31, 2004 - (Combined News Services) They lived in the same apartment in Chechnya, worked in the same market and may have died within moments of each other on separate airliners that crashed in Russia last week.

August/September 2004 - (UNIFEM) This bi-monthly newsletter contains the Secretary-General's annual report on UNIFEM's activities, as well as reports on the regional Beijing + 10 conferences that have been held in South Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean and Asia-Pacific. This issue also highlights the ongoing crisis in Darfur, the emphasis on women in the XV International AIDS Conference and the international acclaim earned by UNIFEM's film on trafficking - ""Ujale Ke Ore" (Beyond Darkness).

August 30, 2004 - Yesterday (29 August) femLINKpacific (Media Initiatives for Women) staged our second SUVA based monthly broadcast of fem'TALK 89.2FM – our “suitcase radio” from the ECREA office on Bau Street. And even though fem'TALK 89.2FM is a women's community media initiative, founded by a women's media NGO (femLINKpacific) yesterday's show was probably the best way to portray that women's media initiatives are not about excluding our male counterparts!

August 29, 2004 - (The New Zealand Herald) After 16 years working in Africa, I felt I was prepared for Bougainville. I had seen the remnants of war in communities. I had witnessed what genocide, violence and deprivation can do to individuals. But Bougainville is different. No one has come away unscathed.

August 24, 2004 - (Globe and Mail) As refugee camps go, Sisi actually has a little something to recommend it. The camp, home to about 7,000 people driven from nearby villages by Arab militias, sits on the highway between Jeneina and Khartoum.

August 22, 2004 - (IANS) An outlawed Maoist group has formed a suicide squad comprising women and children to target top politicians in Jharkhand, including Chief Minister Arjun Munda, police officials here said.

For more country-specific women, peace and security news, CLICK HERE

For more international women, peace and security news, CLICK HERE

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You Can Still Contribute to the Civil Society Alternative Report on Implementation of Resolution 1325
NGO Working Group on Women Peace and Security

The questionnaire is available in the following languages: English, German, Spanish, Burmese, Dutch and French.

To date we have received over 30 responses from 19 countries/regions: Colombia, Thailand, India, United States of America, United Kingdom, Northern Ireland, Sri Lanka, Peru, Israel-Palestine, Canada, Dominican Republic, Italy, West Africa region, East Africa region, Pakistan, The Netherlands, Kosovo, Germany, Norway.

The online and downloadable versions of the questionnaire are available at:

For more information on the report, contact

For PeaceWomen's 4th Anniversary index, CLICK HERE.

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Announcing the Arrival of the New Permanent Gender Advisor in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations Headquarters

The Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) recently welcomed the arrival of the new permanent Gender Advisor, Comfort Lamptey, to be based in the Peacekeeping Best Practices Unit at DPKO Headquarters in New York. Since October 2003, Anna Shotton has served as Acting Gender Advisor. With the arrival of the permanent Gender Advisor, Ms. Shotton has been appointed DPKO's Focal Point on Sexual Exploitation and Abuse.

Prior to her appointment as Gender Advisor in the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, Ms. Lamptey worked with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), where she initially worked as a Gender Advisor in West Africa between October 2000 and July 2002, and subsequently as Senior Gender Advisor at UNHCR Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Between 2000 and 2004, Ms Lamptey worked with the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), first as a Programme Officer in the Africa Section, and then as a Peacebuilding Advisor for global programmes to support women in conflict situations. Prior to joining the UN, Ms. Lamptey worked with a London-based NGO, International Alert, as a Programme Officer.

To contact Ms. Lamptey, please email:

Brief History of the Position of DPKO Gender Advisor

The position of Gender Advisor at DPKO Headquarters has been debated among a variety of civil society groups such as the members of the NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security, UN actors and governments, for a number of years. The debate first gained political momentum, however, in October 2000 when the UN Secretary-General presented a proposal for a gender advisory capacity at DPKO Headquarters in his report on Resource requirements for implementation of the report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations (The Brahimi Report):

The United Nations is committed to providing the leadership required to ensure that gender perspectives are incorporated into all peace-support operations. This will require the commitment of human and financial resources within the Department, including the establishment of a Gender Unit in the Office of the Under-Secretary-General, consisting of a senior gender adviser at the D-1 level and a general adviser at the P-4 level, supported by an administrative assistant (General service, Other level).
(Resource requirements for implementation of the report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations, Report of the Secretary-General, Addendum, A/55/507/Add.1, October 2000)

Over the next three years, the Secretary-General's proposal for a gender unit was gradually whittled down to a single gender advisor position, with less seniority than originally proposed, and no longer housed in the Office of the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, but rather in the Peacekeeping Best Practices Unit, known as “the home for Advisors and Focal Points.”

The principal UN actors in this decision-making process were the Secretary-General, the Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations, the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ), and the Office of the Special Advisor on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI). The ACABQ is an advisory body comprised of 16 Member States that functions as the principal budgetary actor of the UN. It was the ACABQ that presented sustained resistance throughout the three-year period, rejecting the initial proposal for a formalized gender unit and subsequently rejecting attempts to maintain support staff and adequate seniority for the post. Their main argument for this resistance was initially outlined in 2001:

…There seems to be no coherent policy in the Secretariat regarding the role of departments and organizational units on gender issues. The Committee has already questioned the rationale for establishing another gender unit in the Secretariat (see A/55/676. paragraph 44), stressing the need for better collaboration and coordination with the existing Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues and the Advancement of Women and the Division for the Advancement of Women…The Committee urges the development of a coherent policy and, in that context, it would consider a request for additional resources either in the Office of the Special Adviser on Gender Issues or elsewhere…
(Implementation of the report of the Panel on United Nations Peace Operations, Report of the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions, A/56/478, 16 October 2001)

The Secretary-General and Office of the Special Advisor on Gender Issues and Advancement of Women (OSAGI) responded to ACABQ's request by producing a report entitled Gender Mainstreaming in Peacekeeping Activities (A/57/731), intended to clarify the different roles and responsibilities of OSAGI, gender advisers in peacekeeping missions, and the proposed senior gender adviser in DPKO's Headquarters. Once ACABQ had been presented with the “coherent policy” they had requested, they finally approved a single gender advisor post, however not before presenting further resistance to its proposed seniority and demoting the post further. Following ACABQ's approval of the single gender advisor post, the General Assembly adopted a resolution, in which it presented a statement that resembles a warning:

[The General Assembly] Stresses that the creation of a gender adviser in the Best Practices Unit of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations does not constitute a precedent to be followed by other departments and should not itself lead to the establishment of a gender unit in the Department, and also stresses the importance of not duplicating functions and capacities that already exist elsewhere in the Secretariat;
(Support account for peacekeeping operations, A/57/318, 3 July 2003)

This history illustrates not only the difficult climate within which the new permanent Gender Advisor will have to work now that she has arrived, but also the need for support for her work. Despite the seemingly conclusive statement on a gender unit in DPKO adopted by the General Assembly in July 2003, the advocacy effort that led to the establishment of this position must continue.

The NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security was actively involved, among civil society groups, in advocating for a gender unit in DPKO Headquarters, and produced a Background and Position Paper on a Gender Unit in DPKO in July 2002. To read arguments presented by the NGO Working Group, CLICK HERE.

Building on an earlier compilation, the PeaceWomen Project has produced a detailed history of the development of this position, by compiling all relevant references from UN documents – reports of the Secretary-General, ACABQ, Special Committee on Peacekeeping Operations, and resolutions of the General Assembly. This compilation is available online at:

New DPKO Gender Resource Package
Department for Peacekeeping Operations, Peacekeeping Best Practices Unit, August 2004

One of the main tasks of the Acting Gender Advisor, in preparing for the arrival of the permanent Gender Advisor, was the development of the Gender Resource Package for Peacekeeping Operations. This Gender Resource Package is intended to serve as a practical manual for explaining the concept of “gender mainstreaming” to peacekeeping personnel at Headquarters and in missions -civilian, civilian police and military staff of all grades, as well as both national and international personnel.

The Gender Resource Package is available online and in PDF format at:

Gender and Peacekeeping Facts: A New Addition to PeaceWomen's Gender and Peacekeeping Profile
How many women have led UN peacekeeping operations? How many women currently lead UN peacekeeping operations?
Which UN peacekeeping operations have staff working on gender issues?
How many UN peacekeepers are women?

For this information and more, visit PeaceWomen's new Gender and Peacekeeping Facts page at:

For PeaceWomen's Gender and Peacekeeping Index, CLICK HERE.

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Women's Participation in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY): Transitional Justice for Bosnia and Herzegovina
Executive Summary
Women Waging Peace Policy Commission
July 2004

This study…highlights the significant contributions women have made to the ICTY despite the overall challenges and limitations it faces. It demonstrates that the inclusion of women and gender expertise at the ICTY has been vital not only for the prosecution of crimes committed against women, but also for the broader pursuit of justice and the advancement of international law.

Key Findings

1. Reports of mass rape and other gender-based crimes galvanized the international community into creating the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

2. Sexual violence—against women and men—was a deliberate strategy of the war, designed to target ethnic groups. The ICTY has significantly advanced international law by recognizing these violations as war crimes.

3. Women have composed only 21 percent of witnesses at the court, yet they have provided critical testimony. Women often heard and saw things that men did not, including mass murder and rape.

4. Of the 18 judges serving on the Tribunal, at any given time no more than 3 have been women; yet in every ICTY case resulting in significant redress of sex crimes (perpetrated against women and men), women judges were on the bench.

5. ICTY staff with gender expertise have significantly improved court procedures and affected the substance of the proceedings.

6. Local Bosnian women's organizations have been instrumental in finding and preparing witnesses, collecting testimony, and counseling those who give evidence at the court.

7. The ICTY has not realized its potential as a mechanism for transitional justice because of its weak outreach; it could improve its credibility and effectiveness by working with local women's groups to reach the general population…

For the full executive summary, which includes a set of recommendations, CLICK HERE.

For this and other reports by Women Waging Peace, visit:

For NGO and civil society reports, papers and statements, UN and government reports, and books, journals and articles on women, peace and security issues, CLICK HERE.

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Featured below are excerpts of two recent interviews carried out by the Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID), with Victoria Eluzai, founding member of the Sudanese Young Women Empowerment Network (SYWEN), and with Brigid Inder of Women's Initiatives for Gender Justice, respectively:

An interview with Victoria Eluzai, founding member of the Sudanese Young Women Empowerment Network (SYWEN)
By Janice Duddy
August 27, 2004, Association for Women's Rights in Development (AWID) Resource Net Friday File, Issue 192

I had the opportunity to communicate with Victoria Eluzai about the current situation in Sudan. She is a founding member of the Sudanese Young Women Empowerment Network (SYWEN). SYWEN's mission is, ''SYWEN shall join and seek networking with other players dedicated to the smooth transition and transformation of the Sudanese community from war to a sustainable and durable peace that offers the enabling environment for active and constructive citizen action through the empowerment and inclusion of women, youth and children as major stakeholders of the general civil welfare and fueling agents of the overall civic energy''.

…AWID: What roles have women played in the peace process?

VE: Speaking for the South, women scarcely played much role, if I will be allowed to express my personal view. To say there was an effective effort to solicit and include the views of women and an effort to represent interests in the peace processes I would rather hold my doubts. It is my hope that the predominantly male forum took care to remember and affirmatively represent women in the processes. I am aware that in its constitution the Southern Movement has taken an affirmative action to include women by subsidizing 25% quota of participation for women in the government and 75% to everybody. How this is reflected in the peace deal and to be implemented are modalities yet to be worked out.

Nevertheless, I must acknowledge the presence of the few women who participated and admit that as a woman I am proud they were there and appointed by the leadership of the Movement, meaning that their role was recognized by the leadership. I cannot tell how much influence they have impacted during the talks. But, I know that currently they have the assignment to workout, decentralize and deliver the protocols and their implications to the women at the grassroots level with the aim of including and involving all women in the realization and sustenance of the peace deal. I am aware that there is a mandate from the Movement and a lot of donor support to ensure these efforts work out successfully.

I also acknowledge with specific pride the role and strength of women living in government-controlled areas who sympathized with the Movement and participated effectively through advocacy and advice to the Movement. This is not to undermine the valuable contributions of other pro-Movement Sudanese women within the movement, in the Diaspora and elsewhere, whose role may have passed silent for different reasons or bypassed my own knowledge and attention.

I know that many statements have gone out and the international media and research institutions are playing a role in helping women in Sudan. I will seize this opportunity to speak for the rest of the women in these words:

I denounce overdone concepts about the illiteracy status of women in South Sudan as being justified cause as to why women's participation in the peace process is below desirable expectations. If there is anyone who knows and holds a brilliant vision about the value of a durable peace for Sudan it is the illiterate woman who suffered all the atrocities and adverse living conditions of the war, reaping the fruits of its inhumane face, damages, bereavement and total effects for all the prolonged years. It is therefore, unfair and very wrong to think that this woman could not have had valuable ideas just because she did not visit an academic classroom. She may not know the modalities of setting up a State and all its formal establishments but she knows what she wants as a fellow citizen and a woman living in this country, and is able to teach statesmen how to set up a better nation.

Moreover, there was, and still is emerging, a huge taskforce of educated and intellectual women, especially amongst the younger generation, both within the Movement and in the Diaspora who are capable, willing, and determined to participate in re-building. But, they are either underutilized or not recognized for one reason or the other.

Finally, yes, I acknowledge women in Sudan have been left behind in all aspects including education, participation in planning and decisions that pertain their own welfare and so on. Yes, they need support but we can support them best by recognizing and building them up rather than marginalizing and undermining their value…

For the full interview, CLICK HERE.

An Interview with Brigid Inder, Women's Initiatives for Gender Justice
August 2004, Women's Human Rights net (WHRnet), a project of AWID

Brigid Inder has more than a decade's experience advocating and advising at United Nations conferences, and global negotiations, particularly in relation to the Cairo agreements and the Beijing Platform for Action. She has spent over 15 years working in NGOs in Australasia. She was a founding member of HERA, an international network of women's human rights and health activists. She has a background working on issues of young women's participation, leadership and activism. She has worked extensively on women's human rights and gender equality, particularly in the area of sexual and reproductive rights, including LGBT issues.

1. WHRnet: Could you please tell us what the role and vision of the Women's Initiatives for Gender Justice will be in the next years in relation to the ICC?

Brigid Inder: The Women's Initiatives for Gender Justice is an international women's human rights organisation advocating for gender justice and working towards an effective and independent International Criminal Court. We act as a gender watch for the ICC and monitor the Court to ensure it is implementing the Rome Statute in the most expansive way possible.

The Rome Statute is groundbreaking in many areas - in its gender specific and inclusive provisions relating to the definitions of war crimes and crimes against humanity, the provisions on non-discrimination and persecution, the necessary gender and regional representation within the judiciary and staff of the Court, the historical recognition of the rights and participation of victims/survivors in the Court proceedings, and establishment of a Trust Fund for Victims to address reparations and compensation.

We work on the internal institutional issues of the ICC, as well as it's substantive work particularly its preparations for investigations, prosecutions, developing the role of the Trust Fund, protection and support for witnesses, their families and communities, and the rights of victims/survivors.
Institutionally, we advocate for a comprehensive gender policy for the Court and its employees-including flexible working conditions, staggered hours of work, and a sexual harassment policy. Moreover, we advocate for the creation of women's officer positions within the two human resources sections of the Court, to act as joint focal points for gender issues within the Court, and we are working with the ICC to address their responsibility towards gender balance, regional diversity and representation of the principal legal systems of the world amongst the staff of the Court.

We also work with feminists, women's networks, human rights organizations, academics, jurists, human rights lawyers and activists to raise awareness of the ICC, to build a movement engaging with the Court, and to promote global justice.

Since March we have been running a global recruitment campaign to inform women about key strategic positions within the Court. We have been working with international, regional and national women's organisations and networks, human rights organisations, professional associations, academics, practitioners, and community activists, to identify and encourage women to apply for positions within the ICC. We have particularly promoted ICC positions amongst NGOs in the African and Asian regions as these areas are under-represented in the staff profile of the Court.
The ICC said recently they have noticed a significant increase in the number of women applying for positions and an increase in applicants from the Africa region. There continues to be few applications from Asia where awareness of the ICC is comparatively low, and Eastern Europe is also under-represented at the Court. We will monitor the appointments at the ICC to ensure that the increase in applications leads to an increase in appointments…

For the full interview, CLICK HERE.

For the full interview on WHRnet's website, visit:

For a special issue of WHRnet on “The International Criminal Court: An Opportunity for Women, ” examining the recently begun ICC investigations of crimes committed in the Democratic Republic of Congo, visit:

For NGO and civil society reports, papers and statements, UN and government reports, and books, journals and articles on women, peace and security issues, CLICK HERE.

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Prepared by Equality Now, Featured in Pambazuka News 171, 26 August 2004

Updates on eleven national campaigns taking place to lobby for the ratification of the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa shows that steady progress is being made in cementing strategies to ensure country ratifications. Organisations involved in the national campaigns include Union Nationale des Femmes Djiboutiennes in Djibouti; ACDHRS in The Gambia; Cellule de Coordination sue les Pratiques Traditionelle Affectant la Sante des Femmes et des Enfants in Guinea; The Coalition on Violence against Women (COVAW) in Kenya; Association des Juristes de Mali in Mali; Women Lawyers Association in Malawi; The Foundation for Community Development (FDC) in Mozambique; Sister Namibia in Namibia; Women Rights Awareness and Protection Alternative (WRAPA) in Nigeria; and Akina Mama wa Afrika (AMWA) in Uganda.

Clicking on the link below will provide you with full updates compiled by Equality Now on national and regional campaigns, an update on the petition in support of the protocol's ratification, the outcome of a mapping process for ratification in various countries and current and upcoming events.

Further details:

For more women, peace and security initiatives – in country, regional, global and international, CLICK HERE.

'Gender and Conflict Transformation': An Online Course
20 September-15 October 2004, The Network University (TNU)
The objective of this course is to provide online training to increase gender sensitivity in conflict transformation, by strengthening civil society organizations' participation in resolving conflicts, because war is a gendered activity. TNU is rooted in the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. For more information, please contact Hanneke Oudkerk, TNU-The Network University, Nijenburg 2a, P.O. Box 94603, 1090 GP Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Tel +31 (0)20 5040007,

Training for Women's Rights Leaders
16-19 December 2004, Rights & Democracy, in collaboration with the Shirkat Gah Women's Resource Centre and Women Living Under Muslim Laws
Deadline for application is 30 October 2004
Rights & Democracy, in collaboration with the Shirkat Gah Women's Resource Centre and Women Living Under Muslim Laws would like to invite you to apply for a two-part training for women's rights leaders. The first workshop will take place 16-19 December 2004 in Lahore, Pakistan; the second will take place in April 2005. The trainings aim to provide the necessary resources to Afghan women's civil society to effectively engage in peacebuilding and women's human rights work. Applicants from Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and Uzbekistan are eligible. Rights & Democracy will provide travel bursaries and accommodation for participants coming from outside major urban areas. All participants must be available to come to both trainings, in December 2004 and April 2005.
For more information, and for the online application form, visit:

16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence: For the Health of Women, For the Health of the World: No More Violence
25 November-10 December 2004, Worldwide
Contact the Center for Women's Global Leadership for a 2004 Take Action Kit! 160 Ryders Lane, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8555 USA; Phone (1-732) 932-8782; Fax: (1-732) 932-1180; E-mail:

For a comprehensive list of Beijing +10 Regional Meetings, CLICK HERE.

For the complete calendar items, CLICK HERE.

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Previous issues of 1325 PeaceWomen E-News can be found at:

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1. 1325 Translation Update: Serbian & Bahasa Melayu/Bahasa Indonesia
2. Women, Peace and Security News
3. Preparations for the Fourth Anniversary of Resolution 1325: 8 Weeks To Go
4. A Gender and Peacekeeping Update: Announcing the Arrival of the New Permanent Gender Advisor in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations Headquarters & New Gender Resource Package for UN Peacekeepers
5. Feature Report: Women's Participation in the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY): Transitional Justice for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Women Waging Peace Policy Commission)
6. Feature Interviews: Victoria Eluzai, founding member of the Sudanese Young Women Empowerment Network (SYWEN) and Brigid Inder, Women's Initiatives for Gender Justice (WIGJ)
7. Feature Initiative: Update on the Campaign to Ratify the Protocol on the Rghts of Women in Africa
8. Women, Peace and Security Calendar