September 2021 WPS Monitor

Monday, September 13, 2021

Over 200,000 people have been killed over the past twenty years in a war that Afghans did not ask for. And although US and NATO troops have withdrawn, the situation remains precarious for millions of people who still face violence due to their political, ethnic, or religious affiliation, a destroyed environment, Taliban rule, and a humanitarian crisis. Hundreds of thousands of people have fled the country just in recent weeks, and many more are internally displaced and remain in this new reality. 

Afghan women human rights defenders and peacebuilders have drawn attention to the deteriorating situation in Afghanistan for years, particularly in their briefings to the UN Security Council and in their national level advocacy, and since the start of intra-Afghan talks last fall, they have done this at dramatically increased risk to their safety. They have repeatedly urged member states, UN officials, and others with influence to act to protect human rights and sustainable peace before the situation became worse. Their calls have largely been ignored and today is a testament to that.

Strong, united leadership from the international community is more vital than ever for peace. On 30 August, the Security Council passed resolution 2593, which “reaffirms the importance of upholding human rights including those of women, children, and minorities”, and  “encourages all parties to seek an inclusive, negotiated political settlement, with the full, equal, and meaningful participation of women”. The Council and the UN must build on this recognition with concrete, gender-responsive action, and cannot abandon Afghans at this dire moment. 

We have been engaged in extensive rapid response work and advocacy on Afghanistan. Below are a series of recommendations, focused on implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda and derived from public and private briefings from Afghan women leaders.

Renewal of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan

  • Increase UNAMA’s role in monitoring and reporting, especially given the increased human rights violations, sexual violence, and likely war crimes being committed in Afghanistan. 

  • Strengthen UNAMA’s coordination role to urgently develop a civilian protection plan, informed by the situation of civilians in the provinces, including in areas long held by the Taliban, and in collaboration with women civil society organizations who have already undertaken protection work. 

  • Send a fact finding mission to Afghanistan to investigate violence perpetrated against women and other human rights defenders, journalists, and others at risk. 

  • Mainstream Women, Peace and Security resolutions across the mandate. 

Peace Process: Work for an immediate, permanent, and comprehensive cessation of hostilities, followed by an inclusive, negotiated peaceful settlement that prioritises the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security and Protection of Civilians, and human rights obligations. 

Participation and Protection:  

  • Any governing power in Afghanistan must protect the human rights of all people including women and girls, people with disabilities, and people from marginalized ethnic and religious groups, and ensure their full, equal, and effective participation in social, economic, and political life, in accordance with Afghanistan’s international obligations. 

  • Take every necessary measure to ensure the safe passage out of Afghanistan for all who seek to leave. This includes ensuring that border crossings remain open, expediting visas, delivering support for evacuations, and providing relocation and resettlement support, as well as halting deportations of Afghans.  Offer human rights defenders, journalists, and other individuals at particular risk immediate practical support at all levels, including through protection, diplomatic and political channels.

  • Protect those who remain in the country, particularly at-risk persons, by establishing alternative security arrangements and calling for accountability for violence against them by the governing power and other actors.  Push for an immediate end to house searches, which are being conducted by the Taliban. 

Further Reading
WILPF Blog on Members' Evacuation from Kabul (September 2021)
The Afghan people deserve peace and justice (August 2021)
Afghanistan: Joint call for an immediate end to attacks against human rights defenders and need for protection and accountability (May 2021)
Submission to the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women - Afghanistan (2020)

Our Monitoring of National Action Plans

As of September 2021, our analysis shows that 98 member states (51%) have adopted at least one National Action Plan (NAP) to implement the Women, Peace and Security agenda.


NAPs at a glance

  • 98 Member States have adopted a NAP
  • 36% of NAPs have an allocated budget
  • 32% of NAPs have specific actions towards disarmament
  • Around a third of NAPs (33%) are outdated
  • 72% of NAPs indicate some level of civil society participation


Our work

We have been monitoring the development of NAPs for many years, and publish breakdowns of each NAP on our dedicated monitoring site. On this site, we also feature the work of WILPF members who are advocating for, developing, implementing, and monitoring NAPs in their own countries.



Recent examples of NAPs analyzed include Palestine, Sudan, Uganda, Lithuania and Japan.  See our NAP database for our analysis. If you know of a NAP that is not available on our site, please contact us at

Open Letter on Protection of Women Human Rights Defenders

Our coalition, the NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security, has published its annual open letter, signed by over 370 organizations from 88 countries. This year, the letter is focusing on the very timely issue of protection of women human rights defenders and civil society leaders. The key recommendations to member states include:

  • Immediately stop intimidation, attacks or reprisals against all human rights defenders;

  • Prevent threats and violence against women human rights defenders, peacebuilders and civil society leaders;

  • Call on Secretary-General António Guterres to ensure that the UN provides all necessary protection and support to those at risk or who have faced reprisals; and

  • Ensure women civil society representatives regularly brief the Security Council.

Read the full letter here!

OHCHR on Mainstreaming WPS in the Work of the Human Rights Council

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has released a report on mainstreaming the rights of women and girls in conflict and post-conflict situations in the work of the Human Rights Council. 

WILPF has advocated in particular for root causes, structural gender discrimination and inequality, human rights defenders, and arms and militarism to be reflected in the report’s recommendations. As a result, some of the gaps identified in the report include the need for the Human Rights Council to consider the impacts of the diversion of arms, the gendered impacts of the explosive weapons in populated areas, expressions of violent masculinity, and abuses by private security companies.

Read the full report here.