Syria (S/PV.7038)

Friday, September 27, 2013
Report Analysis: 

Resolution 2118 (S/RES/2118 2013) on the situation in the Middle East, specifically Syria, was unanimously adopted at the 7038th meeting (S/PV.7038) of the

Security Council on Friday, 27 September 2013. The Council reaffirmed that the use of chemical weapons anywhere constitutes a threat to international peace and

security, as concluded by the United Nations investigation team in the report of 16 September 2013 (S/2013/553). The resolution endorsed the prompt destruction

of Syria’s chemical weapons program, with inspections beginning by 1 October. In the event of non-compliance, Chapter VII measures will be imposed. Further, the

Council fully endorsed a Syrian-led political process and international conference based on the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012 (S/2012/523, annex).

Women, peace and security issues were mentioned on one occasion, regarding women’s representation in all aspects of transition found in the annex of the

resolution (Annex 9e).

Missed Opportunities to reference women, peace, and security include, women’s participation in the Geneva Communiqué of 30 June 2012 political processes and in

the international conference; the gender-specific impact of violence against women civilians; and the inclusion of a gender perspective in the access and delivery of

humanitarian aid.

In relation to the recommendations put forth in the September 2013 MAP, the resolution’s record was inadequate. The MAP called for improved humanitarian

access, particularly gender-specific assistance, as per the UN Guidelines for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings; called for the full

participation of women in any negotiations; and the involvement of civil society.[1] Encouragingly, the annex of the resolution called for women’s representation in

all transition processes, yet this could have been strengthen with gender-inclusive language in the operative paragraphs of the resolution. Similarly, the annex of the

resolution also called for immediate and full access to humanitarian aid, but failed to incorporate a gender perspective in the discussion of the distribution and access

to aid. Finally, civil society’s involvement in peace and security processes was absent from the resolution.

There was no previous resolution on Syria condemning the use of chemical weapons.


PeaceWomen Consolidated Themes: 
General Women, Peace and Security
Security Council Agenda Geographical Topic: 
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