Indicators & Monitoring: Women, Peace and Security

Indicators and monitoring are signposts of change along the path to implementation. However, monitoring the Women, Peace and Security agenda continues to be challenging and problematic. In recent years, new monitoring tools have been developed, including the creation of a set of indicators on Women, Peace and Security (known as the Global Indicators), monitoring National Action Plans and independent civil society monitoring.

The Global Indicators are a list of twenty-six quantitative and qualitative indicators, organized into 4 Pillars: Prevention, Participation, Protection, and Relief and Recovery, which track and monitor the implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325. These indicators were developed following the call to action derived from Security Council Resolution 1889 (2009). It was a breakthrough in accountability and effective monitoring. The indicators provide a foundation for efforts to accelerate implementation and have already been partially populated with data in annual reports by the Secretary-General to the Security Council.

The list of 26 indicators presented to the Security Council are listed on page 15-21 of the Secretary General’s Report (S/2010/498).  They are also found below.

For more information on the national and regional implementation of these indicators, please visit Member States.


Women, Peace and Security Indicators


Prevalence of Sexual Violence


Patterns of sexual violence in conflict and post-conflict situations

Text of recommendations section to report:

  • Types of measures (proposed vs. implemented)
  • Types of violations
  • Type of perpetrator
  • Specific groups affected (ethnicity, geographical location, age)


Extent to which United Nations Peacekeeping and Special Political Missions include information on violations of women and girls’ human rights in their periodic reporting to the Security Council


Extent to which violations of women’s and girls’ human rights are reported, referred and investigated by human rights bodies


  • Number and types of cases reported, referred and investigated
  • Account of actions taken / recommended to address violations


Number and percentage of women in governance of National Human Right Bodies (NHRB)


Percentage of reported cases of sexual exploitation and abuse allegedly perpetrated by uniformed, civilian peacekeepers and/or humanitarian workers that are acted upon, out of the total number of referred cases


Extent to which measures to protect women’s and girls’ human rights are included in Peacekeeper Heads of Military Components and Heads of Police Components Directives


Extent to which measures to protect women’s and girls’ human rights are included in national security policy frameworks. Existing and new gender-specific language to report:

  • Type of document
  • Context analysis of security threats to women and girls
  • Types of measures


Number and type of actions taken by the Security Council related to resolution 1325 (2000) Report:

  • Number of actions
  • Types of actions: request inquiry, setup a specific mechanism, mandate peace, maintenance of operations, imposition of sanctions, authorisation of the use of force, establishment of international tribunals, referrals  to the ICC
  • Type of document (i.e. resolution, PRST)

Number and percentage of women in the executive leadership of relevant regional and sub-regional organizations involved in preventing conflict (regional and sub-regional organizations will include those identified in A/RES/55/285).


Percentage of peace agreements with specific provisions to improve the security and status of women and girls


Number of women holding senior positions in UN field missions


Percentage of field missions with senior level gender experts


Representation of women among mediators, negotiators and technical experts in formal peace negotiations


Women’s participation in official observer forces at the beginning and the end of formal peace negotiations


Women’s representation in parliaments and ministerial positions. Report on share of:

  • Seats in parliament
  • Ministerial positions

Women’s political participation as voters and candidates. Report on women’s share of:

  • Persons registered to vote
  • Persons who actually vote
  • Parliamentary candidates


Extent to which Security Council missions address specific issues affecting women and girls in the Terms of Reference and Mission Reports


Index of women’s and girls’ physical security. Survey-based indicator to measure three dimensions:

  • Perceptions of physical security of women and girls (by location, time of day)
  • Proxy variables measuring how women’s and girls’ ability to participate in public life has been affected
  • Proxy variables measuring how women’s and girls’ regular activities have been affected

Extent to which national laws to protect women’s and girls’ human rights are in line with international standards


Level of women’s participation in the justice and security sector


Existence of national mechanisms for control of illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW).  This indicator reports on:

  • Existence of a national coordination agency on SALW or National Focal Point (paragraphs 4 and 5 of Section II of the POA)
  • Records on holdings and transfers of SALW (para 9 in section II of the POA)

Percentage of benefits from temporary employment in the context of early economic recovery programmes received by women and girls


Percentage of referred cases of sexual and gender-based violence against women and girls that are reported, investigated, and sentenced


Hours of training per capita for decision-making personnel in security and justice sector to address SGBV cases


Maternal mortality rate


Net Primary and secondary education enrollment rates, by sex


Proportion of budget related to indicators that address gender equality issues in strategic planning frameworks


Proportion of budget related to targets that address gender equality issues in strategic planning framework


Proportion of total disbursed funding to Civil Society organizations that is allocated to address gender equality issues


Proportion of total disbursed funding to support gender equality issues that is allocated to Civil Society organizations


Proportion of disbursed Multi Donor Trust Funds (MDTFs) used to address gender equality issues


Proportion of total spending of UN system used to support gender equality issues


Extent to which Truth and Reconciliation Commissions include provisions to address the rights and participation of women and girls


Percentage of benefits from DDR programmes received by women and girls