In response to persistent pressure from civil society, the United Nations (UN) Security Council has adopted eight resolutions on “Women, Peace and Security”. These resolutions are: Security Council Resolutions 1325 (2000); 1820 (2009); 1888 (2009); 1889 (2010); 1960 (2011); 2106 (2013); 2122 (2013) and 2242 (2015). The eight resolutions make up the Women, Peace and Security Agenda. They guide work to promote gender equality and strengthen women’s participation, protection, and rights in conflict prevention through post-conflict reconstruction contexts.
1325 is much more than a number or a resolution! UNSCR 1325 is a historic watershed political framework that shows how women and a gender perspective are relevant to negotiating peace agreements, planning refugee camps and peacekeeping operations, and reconstructing war-torn societies.
Adopted on 31 October 2000;
First time the Security Council addressed the disproportionate and unique impact of armed conflict on women;
Recognises the under-valued and under-utilised contributions women make to conflict prevention, peacekeeping, conflict resolution and peacebuilding;
Stresses the importance of women's equal and full participation as active agents in peace and security
Adopted 19 June 2008;
Recognises sexual violence as a weapon and tactic of war;
Notes that rape and other forms of sexual violence can constitute a war crime, crime against humanity, or a constitutive act with respect to genocide;
Calls for training of troops on preventing and responding to sexual violence;
Calls for more deployment of women in peace operations.
Adopted 30 September 2009;
Reiterates that sexual violence exacerbates armed conflict and impedes international peace and security;
Calls for leadership to address conflict-related sexual violence;
Calls for deployment of Team of Experts where cases of sexual violence occurs.
Adopted 5 October 2009;
Focuses on post-conflict peacebuilding and on women’s participation in all stages of peace processes;
Calls for the development of indicators to measure the implementation of UNSCR1325 (2000).
Adopted 16 December 2010;
Reiterates the call for an end to sexual violence in armed conflict;
Sets up “naming and shaming” listing mechanism, sending a direct political message that there are consequences for sexual violence including: listing in Secretary-General’s annual reports, referrals to UN Sanctions Committees and to the ICC, international condemnation, and reparations.
Adopted 24 June 2013;
Focuses on operationalising current obligations rather than on creating new structures/initiatives;
Includes language on women’s participation in combating sexual violence;
Supports recourse to avenues of justice.
Adopted 18 October 2013;
Explicitly affirms an “integrated approach” to sustainable peace;
Sets out concrete methods for combating women's participation deficit;
Recognises the need to address root causes of armed conflict and security risks faced by women;
Calls for the provision of multisectoral services to women affected by conflict;
Links disarmament and gender equality by mentioning ATT twice.
Adopted on 13 October 2015;
Encourages assessment of strategies and resources in regards to the implementation of the WPS Agenda;
Highlights the importance of collaboration with civil society;
Calls for increased funding for gender-responsive training, analysis and programmes;
Urges gender as a cross-cutting issue within the CVE/CT Agendas;
Recognises the importance of integrating WPS across all country situations.