Member States are responsible for implementing the Women, Peace and Security Agenda at a national level. National Action Plans (NAPs) and Regional Action Plans (RAPs) on UNSCR 1325 are one key mechanism for implementation. Although the 2015 Global Study on UNSCR 1325 affirmed that NAPs should include an allocated budget, only about 15% (9 of 61 NAPs as of July 2016) action plans do so, which weakens accountability and impact.
Member States have other sources of obligations to fund the Women, Peace and Security Agenda, too. There are various international treaties and conventions that impose obligations on states to fund women’s rights including including in conflict settings, or have direct implications for this issue. This includes the (1979) Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW), the (1995) Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, and the Monterrey Consensus. Other mechanisms that can support effective implementation of the Women, Peace and Security agenda include gender responsive budgeting, enhanced accountability for defense and security budgets, and gendered aid on peace and security. However, these mechanisms are inconsistently integrated into budgets due to chronic gender blindness including at national levels. Thus, gender equality and Women, Peace and Security Agenda funding more broadly remain generally underfunded at the national level.
Facts and figures on National Action Plans